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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also bee glue), a sticky resinous substance produced by honeybees.

The bees apply propolis to the walls of the hive and seal cracks with it. Propolis has a bitter taste and a syrupy consistency, and it is yellow or brown in color. When stored, it thickens and hardens into a brittle (rosinous) dark-brown mass. Propolis melts at 80°–104°C and crumbles at 15°C. It dissolves in hot methyl alcohol, petroleum ether, liquid ammonia, acetic acid, and a 70-percent solution of ethyl alcohol. Its chemical composition is 50–55 percent plant resins, 8–10 percent essential oils, and about 30 percent wax. About 100–150 g of propolis is collected from each hive in a season. It is stored in the form of balls of 150–200 g in parchment paper. Propolis has an antimicrobial effect and is used in medicine and veterinary practice. Ointments are made from it to treat wounds, eczema and certain other conditions. Propolis is an ingredient in corn plasters.


Mladenov, S. Med i medolechenie [2nd ed.]. Sofia, 1971. (Translated from Bulgarian.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bee propolis is a substance manufactured by bees to sterilise their hives, and has been shown in three studies to kill the MRSA bacteria, which is resistant to antibiotics.
They found that all of the products increased cytokine production, although the undiluted elderberry extract out-performed extracts with other added nutrients (like Echinacea, bee propolis, zinc, and vitamin C).
Other proposed natural remedies--zinc gluconate lozenges, B complex vitamins, vitamin C, bioflavonoids, bee propolis and echinacea--have little or no research to back them.
As well as zinc, many new products include echinacea and others are formulated with ingredients ranging from goldenseal to bee propolis.
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Recently, a number of Malaysian agro-food-based research institutes and local beekeepers have collected the bee propolis of different species to analyze its composition as well as its health benefits [19, 20].
(PS19.99 from Lloyds Pharmacy) 4 BEE PREPARED MAX STRENGTH IMMUNE FORMULA: A daily supplement containing bee propolis and other nutrients with natural antihistamine and anti-inflammatory properties, offering protection for hayfever sufferers.
Her 8-SKU BabyCakes--her nickname for her son--line includes regular shampoo, therapeutic shampoo, baby lotion, bath and massage oil, bee propolis, body wash, bubble bath and a healing cream dubbed "Rear Repair & Over There" for diaper rash and other skin conditions.
Khalil, "Biological activity of bee propolis in health and disease," Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.
KEEP the kids happy and healthy as the new school term starts 1 COMVITA CHILDREN'S NATURAL LEMON & HONEY LOLLIPOPS, PS4.99 for 10, Boots COMBINING the antiseptic power of bee propolis with soothing and antibacterial manuka honey, these lollipops also contain lemon, menthol and natural peppermint oil.
MRSA: Bee propolis is a substance manufactured by bees to sterilise their hives, and has been shown in studies to kill the MRSA bacteria, which is resistant to antibiotics.