Bee Venom

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bee Venom


(also apitoxin), the secretion produced by the filamentous gland of the stinging apparatus of a worker bee.

Bee venom is a viscous colorless fluid with a characteristic odor and bitter taste. Its chemical composition has not been precisely determined. It contains a biologically active protein (melittin), enzymes (hyaluronidase and lecithinase A), free amino acids, histamine, formic and other acids, fats, steroidlike substances, essential oils, and certain trace elements. The glycoside of histamine, lipids, and substances closely related to saponins of animal origin are among the active substances of bee venom. The density of the venom is 1.131. Bee venom hardens rapidly in the air and dissolves readily in water and less readily in formic acid and a 60 percent alcohol solution. It is heat stable—freezing it or heating it up to 115°C does not change its properties. A bee secretes 0.2 to 0.3 mg of poison per sting; a lethal dose is 500 to 1,000 stings, or about 0.2 g.

Bee venom is anti-inflammatory and cholinolytic. Preparations of bee venom, such as Venapiolin, Toxapin, Apizartron, and Virapin, are applied in solutions and ointments or by means of electrophoresis to treat diseases of the joints, myosites, radiculites, neuralgias, hives, migraine, trophic ulcers, and thrombophlebitis. The use of bee venom is contraindicated with infectious diseases; diseases of the liver, kidneys, and blood; diabetes; cardiovascular diseases; and mental illnesses. Its use is to be avoided especially in cases where the individual is allergic to the venom.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not wanting to test this theory out, I zipped up completely, even though there are mixed reports that bee venom has anti-inflammatory properties that may help treat certain conditions like migraines, eczema and psoriasis.
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Everyone knows that, bee products (honey, royal jelly, bee venom, propolis) are of high value.
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Deborah Mitchell, an esthetician based in the UK, has found bee venom to be the "natural alternative to Botox." She has a spa in Shangri-la Plaza called Heaven.
Apitherapy is an alternative medicine application involving the therapeutic use of bee products (honey, propolis, pollen, royal jelly, beeswax, and especially bee venom).
Speaking further, Adeshina said 'So we believe that this ApiExpo is going to bring us into the world map of honey producing nation by the time we host it and we are able to draw interest from people, it may not be overnight, but by the time people see, especially the rural dwellers whose business is mainly farming, by the time they see and able to be convinced that by keeping one or two hives in their farms will boost their harvest, then they will be encouraged to add additional hives and apart from pollinating of their crops by the bees, they will also be getting addition income from honey, from proponents, bee venom, and several others bee hive products'.
For example, its Snail Bee High Content Essence, which combines snail and bee venom, emerged, in part, from the Korean cosmetic industry's continuous innovation.
I love how Nature Republic Bee Venom Mist Essence works like a toner, calming down the redness around my nose and on my cheeks.