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A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.


Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After dusk, go back and close the container and move them to your bee yard. If you used a hive, this part is simple: Install the inner cover (hole covered with No.
Once you get it to the bee yard, gently shake or brush the bees into the waiting hive body, making sure you get the queen into the hive.
If you're planning on beginning beekeeping or splitting hives and setting up a new bee yard, one of the most beneficial things you can do for your bees is to set up it properly.
If you're raising honey bees for the first time, there are a few extra things you'll need to do that someone who is setting up an additional bee yard won't need to do.
They spend time in bee yards in Bellingham, and then later in the summer they are moved into the mountains so they can feed on wildflowers.
Finding suitable bee yards is getting harder and harder, Rienstra said.
Two bee yards were established along firebreaks between eucalyptus plantations and native Cerrado vegetation (Beeyard-1: 17[degrees]0'38"S; 45[degrees]51'42"W; altitude: 532 m.
Our results indicate that although Eucalyptus is an important pollen and nectar source to honeybees, in bee yards established in areas of Eucalyptus plantations, nearby areas of native vegetation are also heavily exploited by the bees as floral resources.
She joins John in the bee yards, doing away with "hired man help.' Besides bringing flower beds and shade trees, Sunday dinner, babies and the Ladies Aid to the frontier, women turned their hand to the hay mower, the honey extractor, the printing press.
The inspections found damages on two bee yards in the lands of the village of Leska, Madan municipality, the village of Strashimir, Zlatograd municipality, and on 17 farm animals in the villages of Slivka and Glogino, Banite municipality, and the villages of Slaveyno, Levochevo and Polkovnik Serafimovo, Smolyan municipality.
"When I place my supers (wooden boxes filled with honeycomb frames) in bee yards, I like to keep them about seven miles apart, to prevent competition between yards for the nectar and pollen in flowering plants," he says.
I have had many swarms move into a dead-out hive that I had setting in one of my bee yards, but I think they prefer one in a tree.