Beech Forests

Beech Forests


forests with a predominance of beeches. Beech forests occupy especially large areas in Western Europe (for example, up to 40 percent of all forest areas in the Balkans and 20-30 percent in France, Denmark, and Sweden). Forests of American beech are found in eastern North America; forests of F. Sieboldii beech, in Japan. In the USSR beech forests grow in the Caucasus, the Crimea, in the Carpathians, and on the plains of the southwestern regions of the Ukrainian SSR and Moldavia, over an area of more than 2.5 million hectares. The reserve of beech timber is equal to almost 510 million cu m.

Beech forests are a source of valuable timber and beech nuts, which are rich in proteins and fats. In addition, they are valuable as mountain-protecting, soil-protecting, and water-conserving forests. Other types of trees are also found in beech forests: oriental spruce, Nordmann’s fir, and Caucasian hornbeam; in some places yew, Norway spruce, silver fir, common hornbeam, oak, and other trees. Usually, beech forests have a high yield of timber: in the Caucasus, on brown, damp soils at altitudes of 900 m, beech forests yield over 1,000 cu m of timber per hectare; under other conditions they yield less. The most common types of beech forests in the Caucasus are forests with a layer of dead vegetation, and forests with underbrush of Rhododendron ponticum and Vaccinium arctostaphylos or of cherry laurel.


Lesa SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Location: Unesco world heritage site "old beech forests on jasmund", Jasmund national park, Ffh area jasmund, Development plan no.
The centuries-old beech forests of the protected park in Central Balkan National Park are becoming part of the UNESCO World Heritage.
The Slovak Supreme Audit Office (NKaS) has found several flaws in the protection of the Carpathian primeval beech forests situated in the Poloniny National Park (NP) which are listed as a UNESCO site.
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe [extension to "Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Ancient Beech Forests of Germany," Germany, Slovakia, Ukraine], Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Ukraine
14) HHH HH PETER WOHLLEBEN is a forester who's been working on more sustainable and harmonious ways of managing woodland, especially beech forests, and is keen to share the insights thus gleaned.
In fact, private haplotypes in this area are usually found at high frequencies in beech forests located in or near ravines, having a high spatial overlap with a relict vegetation type occurring in ecological conditions mainly found in ravines (Papageorgiou & al.
Rarer than tropical rainforest, such habitats are limited to the redwood forests of North America, the beech forests of southern Chile, and parts of Australia, New Zealand, China and Taiwan.
On the model stand possible costs and revenues for all possible site indexes and various species compositions from pure spruce forest through mixtures of beech to pure beech forests were calculated.
Close by are the valleys and old beech forests where Peter Jackson shot scenes for his Lord of the Rings movies.
Varna municipal council member Kostadin Kostadinov told public BNR radio that massive logging of the beech forests overlooking the neighbourhood, illegal construction and poor maintenance of drains contributed to the tragedy.
That biodiversity is itself a function of the region's habitat diversity, which takes in grasslands, the Andes and their foothills, arid and semi-arid Patagonian steppe, southern beech forests, rivers, lakes and wetlands.