Beelzebub

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Related to Beelzebul: Beelzebub, Gehenna

Beelzebub

(bēĕl`zəbəb), in the Bible: see SatanSatan
[Heb.,=adversary], traditional opponent of God and humanity in Judaism and Christianity. In Scripture and literature the role of the opponent is given many names, such as Apolyon, Beelzebub, Semihazah, Azazel, Belial, and Sammael.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Beelzebub

 

the name assigned in the New Testament to the chief of the demons. The equivalent of Beelzebub in the Old Testament is Baalzebub (Baalzebul), a god in the Philistine city of Ekron. In Jewish mythological and religious thought Baalzebub apparently was gradually transformed from the god of a people hostile to the Jews into one of the most important figures in Jewish demonology. Later, as Christianity evolved from Judaism, he became a major figure in early Christian demonology.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Beelzebub

prince of demons. [N.T.: Matthew 12:24]
See: Devil
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Beelzebub

Old Testament a god of the Philistines (2 Kings 1:2)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Jesus exposes the hypocrisy of the teachers of the Law for accusing him of complicity with Beelzebul and trying to stop him from accomplishing his mission.
The scribes who had come from Jerusalem said of Jesus, "He is possessed by Beelzebul," and "By the prince of demons he drives out demons."
Redaction-critically, it seems that Matthew has transposed the Q language of Lk 6:43-45 into an elaboration of Mark's story of the Beelzebul controversy, with John the Baptist's "you brood of vipers!" thrown in for good measure!
Here we face some Pharisees, who are contesting the character of Jesus' own actions: "It is only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons, that this fellow casts out the demons" (12:24).
Some in the crowd are astonished with what he does, but there are detractors who charge him with collusion with Beelzebul. Beelzebul derives from the Canaanite deity Baal, but Luke uses it simply as a synonym for Satan.
They claim Jesus is possessed by Beelzebul. They see his power of exorcism as coming from Beelzebul, the Evil One.
Nothing is closer to the truth than Jesus' reply to those who accuse him of driving out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of demons: "Every kingdom divided against itself will be laid waste...
On the other hand, the scribes also accuse Jesus of being possessed by Beelzebul and that he is casting out demons by Satan's power.
When Jesus had driven out a demon, some of the crowd said, "By the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons, he drives out demons." Others, to test him, asked him for a sign from heaven.
For you say that it is by Beelzebul that I drive out demons.