Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from Russia and other countries that formerly constituted the USSR. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The decision to focus on vocational training courses grew out of the experiences of the Beer Sheba women's group members who wished to improve their workplace skills but found that they had very few options.
The closest urban center is Beer Sheba, 20 miles north of campus, known biblically as the 4000 B.C.
During the 1973 season at Tel Beer Sheba a large horned altar was discovered, but not in situ.
Tel Aviv--Among the Jews who have closely followed John Paul II's visit to Israel is Eliahu Wajcer, an engineer from Beer Sheba in Negev, and a survivor of the Warsaw ghetto, who in a letter written a few days ago (enclosing photocopies of an old magazine) requested Avraham Burg, president of the Israeli Parliament, to proclaim Karol Wojtyla "Just Among the Nations," the highest recognition given by Israel to those who did everything possible to rescue Jews from extermination.
The secret Franco-Israeli deal, consummated in early October 1957, made no reference to the construction of a plutonium separation plant in Dimona, (not far from the city of Beer Sheba in the Negev desert) and merely obliged Israel to pledge that its objective was peaceful.
Residents of Beer Sheba, in the Negev desert, rubbed their eyes in disbelief as they awoke to find the city blanketed in snow.
The fighters warned of hitting major cities as far as Beer Sheba in the south if the Israel bombing of high-rises continues.
A Palestinian man, an Israeli settler and anIsraeli soldier werekilled and 11 others wounded in a shooting at the Central Bus Station inoccupied Beer Sheba, southern Israel, on Sunday evening.
The Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) announced late last month that the recent missile attacks on Beer Sheba region in the occupied territories have this message for the Zionist regime that its crimes against the Palestinians will not go unanswered.
detainees inside jails of Oufer and Beer sheba ," asserting that a number of
Dubai It was about 2pm on Tuesday, June 1, at Ela prison in the Israeli city of Beer Sheba when detainees of the Freedom Flotilla of aid to Gaza first made contact with the outside world.
BEER SHEBA, Israel: Educating children in a conflict zone is no simple matter.