Beersheba


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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from Russia and other countries that formerly constituted the USSR. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that Ashdod and Beersheba "are the next targets if the enemy continues bombing civilian buildings".
After the latest strikes, video footage from Beersheba, about 40 km (25 miles) from the Gaza Strip, showed extensive damage to a concrete and stone house in a residential street.
Initial reports quoted sources in the Gaza Strip as saying that Israeli warplanes launched raids on a number of boats in the Gaza Strip, where Wala hebrew website said the army had decided to launch a series of raids in response to the rocket attack on Beersheba.
Beersheba is some 40 kilometers from the Gaza Strip.
Timely too, October 31 this year marked the centenary of one of the last famous cavalry charges, the legendary Australian Light Horse at Beersheba in Southern Palestine.
The victorious, sabre-rattling cavalry charge back in 1917 took the Turks by surprise at the Battle of Beersheba in the Negev Desert, 50 miles south of Jerusalem.
Palestinian detainee since 1984, Hafez Qandas was admitted to Soroka Medical Center in Beersheba, where he had a surgery to treat an internal bleeding.
In this article I examine how the city of Beersheba, the capital of the Negev, is depicted in Shulamit Lapid's Lizzie Badihi series, following Lefebvre's observation that "the spatial practice of a society is revealed through the deciphering of its space." The fact that it is both the central city in its area and a periphery town, when compared to Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, gives it a hybrid character, constituting it as Homi K.
Police say Celtic fans travelling to Beersheba for the return clash will be searched for pro-Palestine banners before they enter the ground.
When Scottish team Celtic FC was drawn to compete against Israel's HaPoel Beersheba, many fans knew exactly how they'd respond.