Beersheba


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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from Russia and other countries that formerly constituted the USSR. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Following this trauma, he refused to accompany his father back to Beersheba.
La llegada sorpresiva del rey Hussein de Jordania a Wye Mills fue otro factor que permitio romper el hielo creado por el atentado de Beersheba, con la perspectiva de llegar a un arreglo despues de 19 meses de estancamiento en las negociaciones, por la intransigencia del gobierno del Likud.
The Beersheba Magistrate's Court accepted the plea bargain reached between Israeli prosecutors and MK Ghattas, who was convicted of exploiting his position to sneak cell phones and notes to Palestinian detainees.
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Sweiti's attorney, Muhannad Shreim, said Sweiti has recently been moved to Soroka medical center in Beersheba, where the former rejected to receive medical treatment as a way of protest against being denied family visitation.
Two attackers, thought to be Palestinians, opened fire on bystanders at the central bus station in the southern Israeli city of Beersheba on Sunday, injuring at least five people, an Israeli ambulance service official and media said.
RAMALLAH, Oct 18 (KUNA) -- An Israeli was killed and seven others injured in an attack by two Palestinians at a bus station in Beersheba on Sunday, before Israeli forces killed one of the attackers and injured the other.
The military took the Palestinian to the Soroka Medical Centre in the southern Israeli city of Beersheba.
He died on November 6, 1917, and was buried in the small Camel Corps section at the Beersheba War Cemetery south west of Jerusalem.
Lockheed Martin announced that it will invest in advanced technology projects in cloud computing, data analytics and cyber technologies with EMC in Beersheba s technology park.
A Ma'an reporter in Beersheba said bulldozers escorted by 25 police patrols raided the village at 9 am and demolished all its steel houses.
Cairo-Aug29(BNA)The Arab League today condemned the Israeli authorities for announcing plans to organize a "wine festival" on September 5and 6 at the Grand Mosques, the oldest mosque in the town of Beersheba.