Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from Russia and other countries that formerly constituted the USSR. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.
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Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Department of Public Health, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Israel
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The study, which was done by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, Israel, and at Brigham and Women's Hospital's Channing Laboratory in Boston, followed more than 300 obese patients for two years.
Belmaker of Ben Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, Israel, in an editorial published with the new report.
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Researchers from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) in Beersheba, Israel, have suggested that an infant's exploration process can work in older adults, as well.
The number killed had been 45, but officials said medical neglience at the Soroka hospital in Beersheba, Israel, had caused another death.
Steinberg was living in Beersheba, Israel. He attended Pierce College and El Camino Real High School in Southern California.
Drawing on participant observation, group discussions, student diaries, and questionnaires, Feldman (social anthropology, Ben Gurion U., Beersheba, Israel) examines how these survivor- accompanied trips and remembrance ceremonies at these sites have become a popular means of transmitting Holocaust memory in Israel and basis for triumphant group identity.
Eugene Leibovitz and his colleagues at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Israel.
Eugene Leibovitz and his colleagues at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Israel. In a study of 834 children (aged 3-36 months) with acute otitis media, 166 (20%) had a documented clinical recurrence within 3 to 4 weeks after a course of antibiotics (Pediatr.