Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from Russia and other countries that formerly constituted the USSR. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.
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Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
An Israeli military spokesman told AFP that warplanes had "attacked four targets in the Gaza Strip in reply to the firing of a Grad rocket against the Beersheva sector" in Israel s Negev desert.
My first question to the Director of the Beersheva Office of Tourism, a gre= at guy named Gal Greenberg, who=92s day by day changing the perception of t= he city of Beersheva all over the world, was, =93How on earth does anyone f= ind this place?=94
Many of the surviving Bedouin, including the Tarabin, were forcibly relocated from their extensive ancestral lands in the 1950s to an area close to the Negev's main city, Beersheva, Prof Yiftachel said.
On Saturday night, rockets ploughed into Beersheva, which lies some 40 kilometers (24 miles) from Gaza, killing a man and injuring 15, one critically, Israeli medics said.
But, over the protests of Beersheva's thousands-strong community of Muslims, the Jewish-run municipality is not planning to restore the city's only mosque to its former glory as a place of worship.
The first battery of the unique multi-million dollar system came into operation on March 27 outside the southern desert city of Beersheva, just days after it was hit by several Grad rockets fired by militants from the northern Gaza Strip.
Meanwhile, two Grad rockets slammed into the Israeli city of Beersheva on Wednesday, as Gaza Insurgent vowed to strike deep into the Jewish state after raids killed eight Gazans.
Aa The new law begins a process of creeping privatisation of much of Israel's developed land, including refugee property, said Oren Yiftachel, a geographer at Ben Gurion University in Beersheva. Aa Mr Netanyahu and the bill's supporters argue that the law will cut out a whole level of state bureaucracy, make land transactions simpler and more efficient and cut house prices.
Netanyahu spoke at the bedside of a wounded soldier, Or Malka, in Soroka Hospital in Beersheva. Malka was wounded by shrapnel which penetrated his forehead and is suffering from hearing loss.
Two days later, Hamas militants responded, firing a barrage of around 50 mortar rounds at the southern Israeli city of Beersheva in the fiercest bombardment in two years.
Ashimah's mother, Siham, said she lived with the constant fear of the generator failing and being unable to get her baby daughter to the nearest hospital, 35 km away in Beersheva, in time.
A seven-year-old boy who was injured from a Grad rocket explosion in Beersheva on Thursday is in very critical condition, and his life is in danger, after fragments from a rocket penetrated his head.