, in the Bible: see Satan
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
the name assigned in the New Testament to the chief of the demons. The equivalent of Beelzebub in the Old Testament is Baalzebub (Baalzebul), a god in the Philistine city of Ekron. In Jewish mythological and religious thought Baalzebub apparently was gradually transformed from the god of a people hostile to the Jews into one of the most important figures in Jewish demonology. Later, as Christianity evolved from Judaism, he became a major figure in early Christian demonology.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
prince of demons. [N.T.: Matthew 12:24]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Old Testament a god of the Philistines (2 Kings 1:2)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005