behavior therapy

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behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Part I tiffed as the Foundations, Developmental Issues and Assessment initiates a motivated novice into the understanding of behaviour therapy by explaining the basic concepts related to behaviourism.
There never was good scientific evidence for the establishment of the specialist clinics, in their present form, in the first place: if cognitive behaviour therapy works, we should expect a cluster of successes around the therapists or geographical areas where they are used and, by contrast, patients lingering ill where they are not.
There can be little doubt about the contemporary popularity of cognitive therapy (CT) and more latterly cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) throughout the western world.
Differential effects of manual assisted cognitive behaviour therapy (MACT) in the treatment of recurrent deliberate self-harm and personality disturbance: The POMPACT study.
10: Cognitive behaviour therapy foundations; SafeGuards Training for Children and Adult Services; Windsor ON; 905-889-5030
In the area of psychogenic voice disorders, Peter has authored or co-authored a number of research and theoretical pages, as well as co written (with Annie Elias and Ruth Raven) Psychogenic Voice Disorder and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (Whurr, 1993) and co-authored (with Lesley Cavalli) a case study of combined speech and language/psychological treatment in Wanting to Talk (Whurr, 1998).
The long-term benefits of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for trauma survivors with acute stress disorder were investigated by assessing patients 3 years after treatment.
Washington, May 20 (ANI): Cognitive behaviour therapy has been found effective in treating persistent insomnia, according to a new study.
During follow-up after 3 months it was found that 71 percent of patients in the cognitive behaviour therapy group and 57 percent in the supportive stress management group saw their depression lift, compared to just 33 percent of patients in the usual care group.
Letters to the editor: Stage-oriented trauma treatment using Dialectical Behaviour Therapy.
22: Workshop: Cognitive behaviour therapy with Martin Antony; Leading Edge Seminars; Toronto; 416.
Behaviour therapy helps overcome barriers to dietary therapy or physical activity.

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