(26.) Darius II, Behistun
Inscription; Darius I, translation by L.
Los descubrimientos de Rubensohn incluyen una miscelanea de documentos legales, listas y copias de las Palabras de Ahiqar y de la Inscripcion de Behistun
. Los papiros Sayce-Cowley y Sachau frieron agrupados y publicados por Cowley en 1923.
Zend, also known as Avestan, is an ancient Persian language most closely associated with Zoroastrianism, related to the Old Persian of the Behistun
inscription, and more closely related to Vedic Sanskrit.
Al igual que la inscripcion de Behistun
, Dario enfatizaba la monarquia como la mejor forma de gobierno y la mas acorde con la tradicion de los persas.
[GREEK TEXT OMITTED] in a fashion parallel to the one in the Behistun
inscription, where the 'like term (badaka) is applied by Darius to his generals and satraps'.(23)
His exploits are recorded on the famous monument at Behistun
He is not convinced about everything that people take as borrowing between the two cultures, although he does find four instances he considers undeniable: royal titles; the (still) difficult introductory phrase dati RN xsayaOiya "thus speaks RN, the king"; the phrase vasna Auramazdaha; and Darius' claim that he accomplished everything in Behistun
in "one and the same year." The work ends with a discussion of the means by which Urartians may have influenced the Persians, dealing with the always thorny problem of the "Medes" as intermediaries.
It recounts King Khosrow's courtship of Princess Shirin, and the vanquishing of his love-rival, Farhad, by exiling Farhad to Behistun
mountain with the impossible task of carving stairs out of the cliff rocks.
However, when Sagartians were mentioned by King Darius I (ruled 522-485 BCE) on his Behistun
Inscription (2: 78-91, abridged at 4: 22-23) it was in connection with a failed uprising led by a self-proclaimed local ruler (not a nomad) named Cicantakhma, who was defeated, captured, disfigured, and impaled.
Rawlinson, "The Persian Cuneiform Inscription at Behistun
, Decyphered and Translated," Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 10 (1847): 136 n.
In fact, Darius' frequent assertions in the Behistun
inscription, that the report on his struggles for empire is true, follow closely Babylonian/Assyrian patterns.
Hinz's erroneous translation of a paragraph (DB [section]70) of Darius's Behistun
Inscription to maintain that it was this king who invented the Old Persian (OP) script.