Peking University

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Peking University:

see Beijing UniversityBeijing University
or Peking University,
at Beijing, China; founded as Metropolitan Univ. 1898, renamed Peking Univ. 1911, absorbed nontechnical departments of Tsinghua Univ. and merged with and moved to the campus of Yanjing (Yenching) Univ. 1952.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peking University

 

one of the oldest and largest institutions of higher learning in China. Founded as the Higher Capital School in 1898, the institution became a university in 1911. In the 1920’s the faculty included one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, Li Ta-chao (who organized the Marxist Research Society at the university library), and the writer Lu Hsiin. During the National Liberation War of 1937–45, the university was evacuated to K’unming (Yünnan Province). In 1952 it was reorganized and expanded to include several departments of other higher educational institutions in Peking. A number of the university’s departments were turned into independent institutes, and a graduate school and a workers’ and peasants’ preparatory school were organized.

In the early 1960’s, Peking University had 14 departments: Chinese language and literature, Russian language and literature, Oriental languages (Arabic, Vietnamese, Japanese), Western European languages and literature (English, German, French), history, geography, philosophy, library science, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, economics, and law. The university library contains 1.8 million volumes. In the 1965–66 academic year, there were more than 10,000 students and about 2,000 instructors and researchers. The Cultural Revolution (late 1960’s) interrupted studies at the university until 1970. In the 1971–72 academic year, the student enrollment was about 3,000. A three-year course of study has been established, at the cost of curtailing the program of study, especially in theoretical disciplines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(57) Guoli Beijing daxue yanjiusuo guoxuemen gailue (The summary of the Institute of Sinology of the National University of Beijing, <<[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]>>) Beijing University, 1 February 1927.
Guidelines were provided in the pages of the Beijing daxue rikan (Beijing University Daily, [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) as "Beijing daxue zhengji quanguo jinshi geyao jianzhang" (Outline of Modern Nationwide Folksong Collecting from Beijing University, [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), which outlined publications, methods, limits, requirements, scheduling, work assignments and so on.
Folksong Weekly published ninety-seven issues from 17 December 1922 to 28 June 1925, when it was merged with Beijing daxue yanjiusuo guoxuemen zhoukan (The Weekly Review of the Institute of Sinology of the National University of Beijing, [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
(23) Beijing daxue zhengji quanguo jinshi geyao jianzhang, Beidn rikan, 1 February 1918, pp.
(16.) The two quotations are from the "Shijiu" [??], a poem found in the Book of Odes, and the "Jun Chen"[??], now extant as one of the "ancient script" texts of the Book of Documents; see Li Xueqin, ed., Maoshi zhengyi [??] (traditional character edition; Beijing: Beijing daxue, 2000), 557-61; and Li, ed., Shangshu zhengyi ishlz ffin (traditional character edition; Beijing: Beijing daxue, 2000), 578-82.
See "Lun Han yuefu xushishi de fazhan yuanyin he biaoxian yishu" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in her Han Tang wenxue de shanbian [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe, 1990), 13-14.

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