Georg von Bekesy(redirected from Bekesy audiometer)
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Bekesy, Georg von
Békésy, Georg Von
Born June 3, 1899, in Budapest; died June 13, 1972, in Honolulu, Hawaii. American physicist, biophysicist, and physiologist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
A Hungarian by birth, Békésy studied at the University of Bern. After taking a degree at the University of Budapest in 1923, he engaged in research in Budapest, Berlin, and Stockholm. He emigrated to the United States in 1947.
Békésy’s principal works dealt with biophysics and with the physiology of hearing. He discovered the vibratory patterns induced in the basilar membrane of the cochlea by sound and formulated a theory of the initial amplitude-frequency analysis of sound performed in an organ of hearing. Békésy studied the transmission of sound in the middle ear and proposed a technique and a device (the Békésy audiometer) for testing hearing. Békésy investigated bone conduction of sound, hearing by space conduction, and perceptual contrast in sensory systems,
Békésy received a Nobel Prize in 1961 and was a member of the Leopoldina German Academy of Researchers in Natural Sciences.
WORKSExperiments in Hearing. New York, 1960.
Sensory Inhibition. New York, 1967.