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Bektashija, an order of dervishes and the members of this order; according to legend, they were formed in Asia Minor by the dervish Haji Bektash, who is assumed to have come from Middle Asia. The beliefs of the Bektashi are a mixture of various elements of Muslim (mainly Shiite) and Christian sectarianism. They lived in dervish settlements (takiyah or zawiyah). They owned considerable land. The role of the Bektashi became particularly large in the Ottoman Empire, where they became the protectors of the janissaries. In 1826, after the elimination of the janissary corps, the order of the Bektashi was officially closed, but in fact it existed in Turkey until the liquidation of the dervish orders in 1925, after which the center of the Bektashi moved to Albania.


Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
Birge, J. The Bektaschi Order of Dervishes. London, 1937.


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I went up on the mountain overlooking the town, to visit an interesting mosque, the Bektashi Teqe, which is built inside a cave.
The Janissaries were generally connected to the latter through the Bektashi sufi order, while other branches of the armed forces tended to be closer to Mevlevi and later Naqshbandi tariqas.
Clarke interviewed many Alevi dedes, Bektashi babas, musicians and members of the Alevi community.
Later the Bektashi Sufi order associated with janissaries since the fifteenth century was also officially closed down ( Zurcher , 2004 p 39-40).
Some theological fractions of Islamic sects such as Alevi, Bektashi, and Shia were also considered part of the Muslim millet.
In specific periods the Bektashi and the Mawlawiyya orders in the Ottoman Empire appear to constitute examples of individual tariqas in which organizational continuity was dependent upon a functional relationship with the State [83].
The 2009 survey carried out by a Tirana newspaper and citing Muslim Community officials revealed that at present Albania have 568 Sunni mosques as well as 70 Bektashi tekkes (lodges) and mausoleums.
He was scheduled to meet the heads of the country's other religious communities including Muslim, Orthodox, Bektashi, Jewish and Protestant leaders, and to visit orphans.
Architecture and hagiography in the Ottoman Empire; the politics of Bektashi shrines in the classical age.
preferred the Sufi form as preached by Bektashi dervishes.
Chairman of the Alevi Bektashi Federation who held a joint press conference with representatives of the Aleci associations said Alevis would say "no" to the referendum.