Bektashi

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Bektashi

 

Bektashija, an order of dervishes and the members of this order; according to legend, they were formed in Asia Minor by the dervish Haji Bektash, who is assumed to have come from Middle Asia. The beliefs of the Bektashi are a mixture of various elements of Muslim (mainly Shiite) and Christian sectarianism. They lived in dervish settlements (takiyah or zawiyah). They owned considerable land. The role of the Bektashi became particularly large in the Ottoman Empire, where they became the protectors of the janissaries. In 1826, after the elimination of the janissary corps, the order of the Bektashi was officially closed, but in fact it existed in Turkey until the liquidation of the dervish orders in 1925, after which the center of the Bektashi moved to Albania.

REFERENCES

Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
Birge, J. The Bektaschi Order of Dervishes. London, 1937.

L. I. KLIMOVICH

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References in periodicals archive ?
The term "Baba" (Father) means the greatest religious leader among Bektashis. Bektashism, which is considered to be the root of the understanding of Ahi Order, is the love of God, Muhammed, Ali and Ehlibeyt (prophet's family), based on the Qur'anic identity of Islamic religion, which is based on Pir Haci Bektas Veli from the Khorasan in the beginning of the 13th century.
Especially in the last decade, Turkey has also started to discuss diverse Islamic sects, such as the question of Alevis and Bektashis, in workshops organized by the government, various institutions, and think-tanks.
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Here was a swarm of Bektashis now, heading his way; their wandering troupes had vastly increased in number over the last few years--they, and the companies following the ayans and derebeys, the warlords beginning to take advantage of Osmanli generosity by seizing control of timars held by weak sipahis who no longer had the courage and strength to protect their lands.
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In fact present-day reincarnationism among the Alevis and the Bektashis is an incomplete syncretism.
(9) The most comprehensive work on the Bektasis is still Birge; see also Popovic/Veinstein; a concise account is given in Dressler ("Bektashis").
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