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(bəlāN`) or


(pərä`), city (1996 pop. 1,142,258), capital of Pará state, N Brazil, on the Pará River. Belém, the chief port of the vast Amazon River basin, handles the Amazonian produce (chiefly Brazil nuts, aluminum, cassava, and pepper) and has processing plants. North Brazil's largest airport and a coastal railroad enhance the trade of Belém, which is also connected with Brasília by a railroad and highway.

Belém [Port.,=Bethlehem] was founded by the Portuguese in 1616 as Santa Maria de Belém do Grão Pará and was a military post for the defense of N Brazil against French, English, and Dutch pirates. It reached a peak of feverish prosperity during the wild-rubber boom in the late 19th and early 20th cent., then suffered a depression that was alleviated by diversification and planned development in the 1930s. Prosperity increased also after World War II with the improvement of communications within the Amazon region.

The city is known for its Goeldi museum, with ethnological and zoological collections of the Amazon basin. It also has an open-air market, a botanical garden brilliant with exotic flowers, a modern leprosarium, and the Federal Univ. of Pará. The government palace and the cathedral were built in the 18th cent.; Santo Alexandre, Belém's oldest church, was completed in 1616.

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References in periodicals archive ?
O Complexo Ver-O-Rio, espaco de lazer e turismo localizado na orla central da cidade de Belem (PA) foi escolhido como objeto da pesquisa.
Around 50% of people who move through Casa Belem are able to reintegrate into society, according to the CNA report.
Os resultados ora apresentados sao partes de um projeto de pesquisa mais amplo intitulado "Apuracao do remanescente da primeira legua patrimonial de Belem: identificacao dos limites da primeira legua patrimonial e de sua afetacao ao uso publico", que se encontra em andamento no Instituto de Ciencias Juridicas da Universidade Federal do Para.
Esse dado revela a contradicao entre as medidas previstas nos documentos do Promaben, que afirmavam: "as atividades economicas afetadas terao apoios especificos, no PDR (12), no ambito dos Programas de Restabelecimento de Atividades Economicas, e no Programa de Apoio a Inclusao Social--PAI" (BELEM, 2007, p.
Na terceira secao, avaliam-se as condicoes de saneamento na cidade de Belem, no Estado do Para, a partir dos servicos de acesso a agua potavel, a coleta e ao tratamento dos esgotos, relacionando-os ao conceito de direito a cidade.
While in Belem, you can also take a historical tour around the 500-yearold Jeronimos Monastery, sit in the peaceful gardens of Belem and explore the Belem Tower.
Azul has announced two new markets from Brazil to Florida -- Belo Horizonte to Orlando, and Belem to Fort Lauderdale (Miami), the company said.