Iconic cultural figures such as Karamzin, Pushkin, Belinskii
, Herzen, Turgenev, and Chernyshevskii figure prominendy.
1) Vissarion Belinskii
, Sobranie sochinenii v deviati tomakh, vol.
The great progressive literary critic, Vissarion Belinskii
(1811-1848), asked the writer Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852) in 1847, "Is not the Russian priest regarded by everyone as a symbol of gluttony, avarice, sycophancy, bawdiness?
, 'Geroi nashego vremeni', in Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, 13 vols (Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1953-59), IV (1954), 193-270.
or "natural'naia shkola" ["naturalist school"]) and, similarly, of Soviet criticism.
Fedor also derives aesthetic pleasure from case studies in natural history (G 109, 115, 139; D 124, 131, 157) and castigates literary materialists "from Belinskii
to Mikhailovskii," who reasoned about nature to substantiate their aesthetics but knew nothing of the flora and fauna of their country.
19) Westerners like Vissarion Belinskii
may have criticized the Orthodox Church as backward and repressive, but except for Petr Chaadaev and a few others, they rejected Roman Catholicism as decisively as their liberal and progressive contemporaries in Western Europe did.
His collection of essays, Russian Thinkers, focused on several of his intellectual heroes, most notably the journalist and revolutionary activist Alexander Herzen, the writers Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoi, and the literary critic Vissarion Belinskii
, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii v tridtsati tomakh (Moscow: Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1953-59), 7: 503.
The central focus of the study falls on the work of Vladimir Solov'ev, Lev Shestov, Vasilii Rozanov, and Nikolai Berdiaev, with reflections on a prehistory in the works of Vissarion Belinskii
and Nikolai Chernyshevskii and 'survival' in the works of Aleksei Losev, Andrei Platonov, and Boris Pasternak.
There is not one word here about the buildings and public spaces, the architectural markers of the free polis, whose usage was hardly limited to free transit, as the author says, but above all sustained the right to assemble (granted to Russian cities only in 1906) and to exchange opinions: the agora, the forum and--to make a long story short-12 Offentlichkeit, or indeed burgerliche Offentlichkeit, which Vissarion Belinskii
translated as publichnost' in his 1848 essay, designating it a characteristic feature of Petersburg life.
Ianuarii Neverov, another early supporter from the Stankevich circle, wrote a long review article about the 1835 collection of Kol'tsov's poems published by Stankevich and the critic Vissarion Belinskii
, the only book of his poetry to be published during his lifetime.