(30) Vissarion Belinskii
, "Nichto o nichem, ili Otchet g, izdateliu Teleskopa za poslednee polugodie (1835) russkoi literatury.
P.P., General Properties of Quasiconformal Mappings, Nauka, Sib.
Iconic cultural figures such as Karamzin, Pushkin, Belinskii
, Herzen, Turgenev, and Chernyshevskii figure prominendy.
The great progressive literary critic, Vissarion Belinskii
(1811-1848), asked the writer Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852) in 1847, "Is not the Russian priest regarded by everyone as a symbol of gluttony, avarice, sycophancy, bawdiness?" (14).
, 'Geroi nashego vremeni', in Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, 13 vols (Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1953-59), IV (1954), 193-270.
(9) Since Belinskii
's assessment of Eugene Onegin in the nineteenth century as an "encyclopedia of Russian life and a national work of art to its highest degree," a truism that generations of Russian middle-school students have learned by heart, Pushkin has served as "the weightiest testimony of authenticity, of the primacy of national Russian culture" (Bessonova and Viktorovich 285).
Fedor also derives aesthetic pleasure from case studies in natural history (G 109, 115, 139; D 124, 131, 157) and castigates literary materialists "from Belinskii
to Mikhailovskii," who reasoned about nature to substantiate their aesthetics but knew nothing of the flora and fauna of their country.
The handful of aristocrats who forsook Orthodoxy for Roman Catholicism under Alexander I(17) and occasional later conversions by Mikhail Lunin, Zinaida Volkonskaia, Petr Kozlovskii, Ivan Gagarin, Vladimir Pechorin, Viacheslav Ivanov, and a few others, had no lasting impact.(18) Slavophils such as Iurii Samarin contrasted Orthodoxy's humility and sobornost' to a Roman rationalism and greed for power immortalized in Fedor Dostoevskii's "Legend of the Grand Inquisitor."(19) Westerners like Vissarion Belinskii
may have criticized the Orthodox Church as backward and repressive, but except for Petr Chaadaev and a few others, they rejected Roman Catholicism as decisively as their liberal and progressive contemporaries in Western Europe did.
Whether the writer viewed this transformation as a spiritual process (Gogol') or a sociopolitical process (Gogol' as interpreted by Belinskii
) mattered less than the fact that the greatest Russian writers and the Russian public began to make the highest demands upon art.
His collection of essays, Russian Thinkers, focused on several of his intellectual heroes, most notably the journalist and revolutionary activist Alexander Herzen, the writers Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoi, and the literary critic Vissarion Belinskii
(1) Vissarion Belinskii
, Sobranie sochinenii v deviati tomakh, vol.
The central focus of the study falls on the work of Vladimir Solov'ev, Lev Shestov, Vasilii Rozanov, and Nikolai Berdiaev, with reflections on a prehistory in the works of Vissarion Belinskii
and Nikolai Chernyshevskii and 'survival' in the works of Aleksei Losev, Andrei Platonov, and Boris Pasternak.