John Bell

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Bell, John

Bell, John, 1797–1869, American statesman, b. near Nashville, Tenn. A leading member of the Nashville bar, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1827–41), was speaker in 1834, and for a few weeks in 1841 was Secretary of War under President William Henry Harrison. At first a Jacksonian, Bell broke with Jackson in the fight over the Bank of the United States and ultimately became the chief leader of the Whigs in Tennessee, dominating state politics for nearly two decades. As U.S. Senator (1847–59), he was the leader of the conservative Southern element that, though supporting slavery, placed the Union first. He admitted the right of Congress to prohibit slavery in the territories, supported the Compromise of 1850, objected to the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, and opposed the admission of Kansas under the Lecompton Constitution. In 1860, Bell was the presidential candidate of the moderate Constitutional Union party and won the electoral votes of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. The lower South seceded with Lincoln's election, but Bell held Tennessee in the Union until after the firing on Fort Sumter. Bell counseled resistance to the Union invasion, but, disheartened and in ill health, he took no active part in the Civil War.


See biography by J. H. Parks (1950).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bell, John


Born 1691 at Antermony, Scotland; died there on July 1, 1780. Memoirist.

Bell was in the Russian service from 1714 to 1747. He left notes (published in Glasgow in 1763) about his journeys across Russia into Iran, China, and Turkey. These notes contain much ethnographic information and many facts about Russian cities.


Belevy puteshestviia cherez Rossiiu v raznye asiiatskie zemli, parts 1–3. St. Petersburg, 1776.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bell, John

(1797–1869) U.S. senator, cabinet officer; born in Nashville, Tenn. A prominent Tennessee lawyer, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1827–41), first as a Democrat, then as a Whig; as the latter, he served less than a year as secretary of war (1841) and then as a moderate U.S. senator from Tennessee (1847–59). Although he owned slaves, he was opposed to the spread of slavery in the new territories and states, and he spent fruitless years trying to fend off the oncoming confrontation over slavery. In 1860 he was presidential candidate for the Constitutional Union Party, in an effort to present a plea against secession that would appeal to those who saw the Republicans as extremists. (He won three states.) But when the Civil War broke out, his last public act was to advise Tennessee to join the Confederacy.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Brum Boxathon team featured Assistant Chief Constable Stuart Hyde, Supts Matt Ward and Phil Kay, PC Phil Fennon, Sgt Aaron Bell, John Ling and Insp Andy Beard.
This over-18s event has an exceptional line-up of more than 20 Rock & Blues legends including the Blues Band, The Hamsters, British Blues Quintet featuring Maggie Bell, John Otway, John Verity Band (ex-Argent & Kinks), Dr Feelgood, Slack Alice, Freebird, Kyla Brox Band, John O'Leary Band and many more!
Like, say, "Neo-Geo," "Finish Fetish" is a label of convenience; Larry Bell, John McCracken, and Billy Al Bengston may all exhibit some concern for surface polish, but arguably more historically important is the fact that they emerged in the same period and place.
He tells us that pictured are (back, from left) OT Evans, D Haydn Williams, Stan Pratt, Eric Ames, Edmund Hewitt, Dereck Williams, William Williams, Dereck Williams, Vince Wilson, an unknown man, and Talon Jones' (front, from left) Wilf Jones, Alyn Roberts, captain Llew Eaton, Tony Roberts, Ivor Jones and Glyn Peters.' Pictured (back, from left) are Colin Bell, John Roberts, Ivor Wynne Jones, Christine Chappell, Bronwen Naish, Norman Williams, David Thomas Jones and possibly Tecwyn Jones' (front, from left) Iris Hughes, Enid Hughes, Eileen Keegan, Dilys Roach, Brian Hughes, Ann Lloyd-Hughes and Anne Williams.
Soprano Marguerite Lavergne performs a work by Pierre Mercure; Jean-Paul Jeannotte, Donald Bell, John Boyden, Catherine Robbin, Elizabeth Benson-Guy and Jan Simons contribute a selection of lieder; and soprano Edith Tremblay sings one of Leonora's aria from La forza del destino.
Bell, John, "Business/Industrial Parks in Slowdown," October, p.
Tied for fifth with Clatskanie's LaRoi Robertson in tenure at one school, ranking behind Dewey Sullivan of Dayton (1965), Bell, John Mattila of Warrenton (1975) and Lee Lowe of Imbler (1980).
BELL, JOHN ALEXANDER, a quiet, faithful member and elder, Knox Church, Harvey, N.B., Sept.
Brad Bell, John Bell, Sammie James, John Reese and Bruce Marchant acquired the project, at 701 S.
Left to right: Liam Gutcher, Andrew Shipley, Harry Little, Matthew Thompson, Barry Hopper (of tournament sponsor Lowes Financial), Paul Bell, John Armstrong, Joe Green and Mark Fuller.
LISBURN DISTILLERY YOUTH: Jack Nelson, Jack Boreland, Trevor Ellis, Matty McIvor, Adam Wallace, Matty Bell, John Patterson, Jordan Pegg, Steven Kane, Ryan Adair, Daniel Kinner, Tyler Guy, Calvin Jess, Matt Fegan.
He made an extensive study of over 500 of the most successful people of his time, including Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, John D Rockefeller and was adviser to two presidents of the United States of America, Woodrow Wilson & Franklin D Roosevelt.