By performing vital work on the Distant Early Warning missile detection system and Nike missile systems and by managing Sandia Laboratories, the Bell system
could continue arguing for a privileged legal position as a national strategic asset.
Throughout the 1970s and '80s, the industry was just beginning to experience the unsettling effects associated with the introduction of toll competition, the need to preserve toll rate averaging so that rural long-distance rates would be affordable, the demise of customer premises regulation, the deregulation of inside wiring, and billing and collection, and the dawn of the breakup of the Bell system
Yet, at the same time, because it is a robot, it would have far greater flexibility than the typical bell system
In this well-written and important book, Green explores the connected history of such patterns in the Bell System
between 1876 and 1984, "the convergence of gender, class, race, and technology in the workplace." (1) She particularly details evolution of telephone operators' roles "in the context of debates over the degradation of skills, job loss, worker's control, job segregation and segmentation, and race and labor/management relations." (2) Green contends that management deliberately manipulated the operator workforce for decades, through technological deskilling, overbearing supervision, paternalism, and gend er and racial stereotyping.
As a result, the Bell system
is drifting toward raising voice rates, is refusing to provide the infrastructure needed to accommodate the 260-300 percent annual growth in data traffic, and is trying to cram mobile telephone sets with gismos like Multi-Media Short Messaging (MSM), movie listings, and horoscopes in the hope of raising revenue from novelty-crazed teens.
In the turbulent final decades of the century, WEC adapted to manifold forces of change: new electronic technologies for transmission and switching; the emergence of competitive markets for telecommunications; entry by rival suppliers to Bell companies; and, finally, the Modified Final Judgement that broke up the Bell System
Almost two decades after Judge Greene's decision broke up the Bell system
, we are beginning to see the communications industry compete with the gloves off and no quarter given.
However, because of restrictions imposed in 1984 at the time of the Bell System
's divestiture, Bell Atlantic cannot carry calls across LATA boundaries.
"Soon after I came into the Bell system
, there were talks to convert the monopoly into a competitive business.
In October 1974, NBC announced the scheduled telecast of an adaptation of The Cay on the Bell System
We went down that road before the integrated Bell system
, and it didn't work.
Those of you who grew up in the old Bell System
recall that just about everything was defined by a Bell System
Practice, or BSP.