Sir Charles Bell

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Bell, Sir Charles,

1774–1842, Scottish anatomist and surgeon. He became professor of anatomy and surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons, London, in 1824 and was professor of surgery at the Univ. of Edinburgh from 1836. He was the first to distinguish between the motor and the sensory functions of the nerves; this work was confirmed and elaborated by Magendie in 1822. Among Bell's works is The Nervous System of the Human Body (1830).

Bibliography

See his letters (ed. by his wife, 1870); biographies by E. Bramwell (1935) and Sir Gordon Gordon-Taylor and E. W. Walls (1958).

References in periodicals archive ?
Facial nerve decompression surgery using bFGF-impregnated biodegradable gelatin hydrogel in patients with Bell palsy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2012; 146: 641-6.
Bell palsy is sudden onset of facial paralysis that is usually temporary, resolving within weeks or months, although it can sometimes be permanent.
Delivery of conservative, categorical physiotherapy care has provided evidence for successful outcome in some cases of patients with Bell Palsy (Brach and VanSwearingen, 1999; Beurskens and Heyman, 2003).
Facial nerve palsy results in the loss of facial expression and is most commonly caused by a benign, self-limiting inflammatory condition known as Bell palsy. However, there are other conditions that may cause facial paralysis, such as neoplastic conditions of the facial nerve, traumatic nerve injury, and temporal bone leions.
Facial nerve palsy results in the loss of facial expression and is most commonly caused by a benign, self-limiting inflammatory condition known as Bell palsy. (1) However, other conditions may result in injury of the seventh cranial nerve, such as neoplastic conditions of the facial nerve, traumatic nerve injury, and temporal bone lesions.
Since this form of recurrent leukemia of the middle ear is rare and the clinical manifestations can mimic acute otitis media and Bell palsy, it may not be readily recognized.
A 4-year-old boy with a history of pre-B-cell ALL, status post-chemotherapy, presented with left-sided Bell palsy that improved with acyclovir and prednisone.
The most common cause of idiopathic facial paralysis (Bell palsy) is now believed to be the reactivation of a latent neurotrophic virus (herpesvirus family) in the sensory neurons of the facial nerve.
Herpes simplex virus in idiopathic facial paralysis (Bell palsy).
Bell palsy remains the most common cause of facial paralysis.