Belle-Isle, Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de

Belle-Isle, Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de

(shärl lwē ōgüst` fo͞okā` dük də bĕl-ēl`), 1684–1761, marshal of France and diplomat; grandson of Nicolas Fouquet. His support of the claims of Charles of Bavaria (Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII) was in part responsible for France's entry into the War of the Austrian SuccessionAustrian Succession, War of the,
1740–48, general European war. Causes of the War

The war broke out when, on the strength of the pragmatic sanction of 1713, the Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, as ruler
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. The war's outcome made him unpopular, although his masterly retreat from Prague had saved the French army from surrender (1742–43). As minister of war (1758–61) he did much to reorganize the army.
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