Bellows, George

Bellows, George (Wesley)

(1882–1925) painter, lithographer; born in Columbus, Ohio. After studying at the University of Ohio and rejecting the possibility of a career in baseball, he came to New York to study painting with Robert Henri (1904). His life-long interest in athletics was reflected in many of his strongest paintings, such as Stag at Sharkey's (1907). He helped to organize the famous Armory Show in 1913 but he continued to work within the more conservative traditions of social realism and family portraiture. Moved by the horrors of World War I, he did a powerful series of anti-war paintings. In 1916 he took up lithography and book illustrations and is credited with reviving these as serious mediums for American artists.
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Relevantes desde los primeros anos del siglo XX por su agudeza para abordar las circunstancias y transformaciones sociales provocadas por el impacto de la industrializacion, los realismos se convirtieron en uno de los principales ejes del arte moderno norteamericano a traves de diferentes lenguajes, entre los que destacan: la Escuela de Aschan, con sus escenas neoyorquinas-urbanas o de diversiones publicas como el box --Henri, Bellows, George Luks--; los regionalismos con referencias a la vida y trabajo rural --Grant Wood con su famosa pintura American Gothic--; el realismo social con sus escenas de trabajadores --William Gropper--, y el realismo urbano con distintas circunstancias callejeras con representantes como Reginald Marsh.