(redirected from Belone belone)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


see gargar,
member of the family Lepisosteidae, freshwater fishes found in the warmer rivers and lakes of the S United States, Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies. Gars are highly predacious and destroy many useful fish.
..... Click the link for more information.
; needlefishneedlefish,
common name for members of the family Belonidae, which comprises species of elongated, surface-swimming predaceous fish abundant in warm seas. They have beaklike jaws armed with sharp teeth, giving them a superficial resemblance to the gar; some needlefishes reach a
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Belone belone), also European garfish or European needlefish, a fish of the family Belonidae. The body reaches a length of 90 cm and a weight of 1 kg. The garfish is distributed in the temperately warm coastal waters of Europe and North Africa; it is found in the Baltic, North, Mediterranean, and Black seas. A predatory school fish, it feeds principally on small fishes. The garfish spawns in the littoral zone. Its roe are equipped with sticky filaments for attachment to algae and marine grasses. The fish’s commercial value is slight. The Russian name for the garfish—sargan—is sometimes used to designate other members of the family Belonidae.


Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. another name for garpike
2. an elongated European marine teleost fish, Belone belone, with long toothed jaws: related to the flying fishes
3. any of various marine or estuarine fish with a long needle-like lower jaw
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Age determination, age-length and length-weight relationships of garfish (Belone belone L., 1761) in the Black Sea (Samsun.
The lowest Ni concentration in fish species was 0.01 [micro]g [g.sup.-1] in Sarda sarda Belone belone species taken from Karasu and the highest was 26.1 [micro]g [g.sup.-1] in Mugil cephalus species taken from Cark Stream.
According to Table I, the values of b ranged from 1.933 for Belone belone to 3.475 for Symphodus ocellatus.