gourami(redirected from Belontiid)
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(Osphronemus goramy), a fish of the suborder Anabantoidei of the order Percomorphi. With a body reaching a length of 60 cm, it has a bright and attractive coloration. The pelvic fins have one stiff spine and five soft rays, the first of which is a long supple filament that serves as a tactile organ. The gourami feeds mostly on aquatic plants. It builds a simple egg-shaped nest from air bubbles and plants, where it deposits its eggs. Its natural area of distribution is the Malay archipelago; however, it has been introduced into India, China, Africa, and Australia. The gourami is widely cultivated in ponds. Its flesh is very tasty. The pearl and three-spot gourami, which belong to the genus Trychogaster, are aquarium fish.
REFERENCENikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1954.
ll’in, M. N. Akvariumnoe rybovodstvo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.