The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the ethnic groups living in the basin of the Abakan River, making up part of the modern Khakas people. In the 17th century they were under the rule of the Enisei Kirghizes, and, after the Dzungar khan withdrew the Enisei Kirghizes to Central Asia in 1703, they came under the rule of the Russian state.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.