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(also Bavemba, Vavemba, Muemba), a people inhabiting the northern part of Zambia and the neighboring regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaïre). Separate groups of Bemba live in Tanzania. They number about 1,700,000 (1967 estimate). Their language, Chichemba, is related to the central group of the Bantu family. Most Bemba retain local traditional beliefs, although some are Christian. The group is divided into various tribes including the Bemba, Bisa (Avisa), Lala (Bukanda), Kaonde, Ashi (Baushi), Ambo, Senga, and others. Their basic occupation is slash-and-burn agriculture (millet, sorghum, manioc, and so on). A significant number of Bemba also work in mining enterprises.
REFERENCEIablochkov, L. D. “Korennoe naselenie Britanskoi Tsentral’noi Afriki.” Afrikanskii etnograficheskii sbornik, issue 2. Moscow, 1958.
B. V. ANDRIANOV