David Ben-Gurion

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Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David

 

Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
When Ben Gurion died in 1973, current Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was in his mid-twenties.
Israel s public security minister Yitzhak Aharonovitch on Monday supervised a meeting of the security forces that will be in charge of the operation at Ben Gurion, including airport authorities, immigration officials and police.
In the Haaretz interview, the Israeli sources recognized that Turkish citizens traveling to Ben Gurion Airport have been isolated from other travelers and subjected to prolonged inspection.
HELD Mairead Corrigan Maguire AUTHORITIES Ben Gurion Airport
The system will interface with Ben Gurion International Airport's Airfield Ground Lighting (AGL) system to integrate AGL safety alerts into Safety Logic for an extra layer of runway incursion prevention.
For Ben Gurion it was Palestine's destiny to be "developed as a socialist Jewish state.
OTC BB:TCGD), a developer of technologies and solutions for improving explosives detection, announced today that it has completed a second pilot program of its CompactSafe[TM] system at Ben Gurion International Airport in Israel.
WOW's first flight is expected to land at Ben Gurion Airport in about two months, on July 13, 2017.
Air France is suspending its service to Ben Gurion International Airport until further notice while Germany's Lufthansa is halting flights for 36 hours.
airlines suspended their flights to Israel on Tuesday, July 22 after a rocket attack on the Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv.
Certainly there are politicians who can still claim direct connection to the founders' generation, most notably Isaac Herzogknown as Bujiwhose grandfather Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog was Israel's first chief rabbi and whose father Chaim Herzog, a disciple of Ben Gurion, was the country's sixth president.
Summary: The Egyptian Gazette of November 4, 1955 also used its 'From the Arabic Press' corner to further expose the 'fake' peace offer made by the Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion.