In the following paper, "When Did Shoshenq I Campaign in Palestine?" James and van der Veen locate Shoshenq I's invasion of Canaan in or shortly before his twenty-first regnal year and seek to equate it with the movements of the anonymous "savior" who rescued Samaria following the attacks by Hazael and his son Ben-Hadad "III" of Damascus throughout the reign of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 13:1-7) (r.
In short, if in fact 2 Kings 7:6-7 in any way reflects the events of 2 Kings 13:1-7, then contra James and van der Veen, Ben-Hadad "III" must have abandoned the siege of Samaria circa 796 in order to defend Damascus from the impending attack by Adad-nerari III and the threat posed by Shoshenq I's campaign to recover (on behalf of Joash?) the territory previously seized by Hazael.
For example, when discussing the conflict with Aram in chapter 20, he reviews Ahab's political motivation for sparing the life of Ben-hadad
, which might have been the possibility of an alliance against Assyria, as reflected in the Kurkh Monolith.
Haley wants to find a reference to Ben-hadad
and his Syrians, submission to Ahab.
The incident involving Elisha the prophet and Ben-Hadad is often brought as a source in discussions regarding truth-telling to dying patients.
And Elisha came to Damascus, and Ben-Hadad, the king of Aram, was sick and it was told to him saying: "The man of God is come here." And the king said to Hazael: "Take a present in your hand and go meet the man of God and inquire of the Lord by him saying: |Shall I recover of this disease?'" .
35), told the king of Israel that he had forfeited his life because he (Ahab) did not kill the Aramean ruler Ben-Hadad
, a statement reminiscent of Samuel's rebuke of King Saul (I Sam.
(50) The Hebrew text in Kings belongs to the account of a war between King Ben-Hadad of Aram and King Ahab of Israel:
And Ben-Hadad the king of Aram gathered all his army, and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses, and chariots; and he went up and besieged Samaria, making war on it.
Hadadezer of Damascus, as has been seen, was almost certainly the Ben-Hadad who had within the past three years launched and lost Aramaean Wars I and II against Israel, waged at about the same time Shalmaneser was battering Ahuni of Bit-Adini.
Ben-Hadad had equipped himself so lavishly for his first attack against Israel that he could not have expected that nation to be easy game: And Ben-Hadad, the king of Aram, gathered all his force ...
King Ahab (874-853 BCE) had to contend with a formidable adversary, King Ben-hadad
II of Aram.