Benazir Bhutto

(redirected from Benazir)

Bhutto, Benazir

(bĕn'əzĭr` bo͞o`tō), 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali BhuttoBhutto, Zulfikar Ali
, 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963.
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. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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 in 1977. Under detention and then in exile, she returned in 1986 to lead the Pakistan People's party (PPP) and to fight military rule. In Nov., 1988, three months after President Zia ul-Haq died in a plane crash, Bhutto's alliance gained a narrow majority in parliamentary elections, and she became prime minister, the first female leader of a Muslim nation. Her government, marked by continuous intrigue and able to accomplish little, was dismissed by President Gulam Ishaq Khan in Aug., 1990. He accused her, her husband, Asif Ali ZardariZardari, Asif Ali
, 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England.
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, and her party of corruption. Zardari was held (1990–93) on various charges, although eventually acquitted, and the PPP lost the late 1990 elections.

In 1993, Bhutto again became prime minister. By then a more seasoned politician, she made alliances, including with the military, that enabled her to deal with some of Pakistan's deep-seated problems. In Nov., 1996, though, her government was again dismissed. Zardari was accused of murdering Bhutto's brother, a political rival, as well as of accepting kickbacks, and was imprisoned; sweeping corruption charges were brought against Bhutto. In 1999, Bhutto and Zardari were both convicted of corruption; Bhutto appealed the verdict while living in exile in England and the United Arab Emirates.

In 2001 the Pakistani supreme court set aside the corruption charges facing Bhutto and Zardari and ordered their retrial, but a Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003. Bhutto was barred from running in the 2002 Pakistani parliamentary elections. Zardari was released from prison in 2004, a move that appeared designed to improve the Musharraf government's relations with the PPP; he subsequently left Pakistan.

In Oct., 2007, after extended negotiations with the government, Bhutto returned to Pakistan, intending to run for prime minister in the scheduled Jan., 2008 elections. On her return, she survived an attempt on her life that killed more than 130 persons, but was assassinated two months later in an attack, widely ascribed to Islamic militants, that followed a political rally in Rawalpindi. A UN report, released in 2010, said Pakistani intelligence agencies had hampered the investigation into her murder. In 2017 the Islamist militants accused of her murder who had not been killed in military operations were acquitted; two police officials were convicted of negligence and mishandling the case; and former Pres. Pervez MusharrafMusharraf, Pervez
, 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a
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, accused of complicity, was declared a fugitive. Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, 1988–, assisted by her husband, succeeded her as PPP leader.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Daughter of Destiny (1989, repr. 2008) and her Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Prime Minister said Shaheed Benazir Bhutto remained committed to carry on the mission of her late father, who envisioned a truly democratic and Islamic welfare state.
He said that all proofs regarding the murder of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto was gathered and the proceedings against the accused were commenced.
HYDERABAD- Federal Minister and Incharge Benazir Income Support Programme -- Federal Minister and Incharge Benazir Income Support Programme, Farzana Raja has issued directives for initiating enquiry against the Deputy Director Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) Jamshoro Imtiaz Khushk.
KARACHI, February 22, 2012 (Frontier Star): Interior minister Rehman Malik has announced that Benazir murder case had been resolved, yet sensitive information could not be disclosed as yet.
ISLAMABAD -- Chairperson Benazir Income Support Programme Farzana Raja has said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) government was spending huge amount to resolve the problems of the masses.
The ruling PPP led government also disbursed Rs 600 million to draft sixty pages report on 'Benazir murder' from United Nations, which concluded that as President Pervez Musharraf was the president of Pakistan at the time of Benazir killing so he is responsible for this assassination.
LARKANA -- Sindh Minister for Law and Prisons Muhammad Ayaz Soomro while paying rich tributes to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, said the government is working under the vision of the slain PPP chairperson.
ISLAMABAD, December 27, 2011 (Frontier Star): It was the political vision and acumen, which helped Shaheed Benazir Bhutto to earn popularity across the world as her moderate foreign policy had been credited for improving the image of Pakistan among the comity of nations.
ISLAMABAD, December 27, 2011 (Frontier Star): Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, who gave a clear roadmap to strengthen democratic norms in the country and brought the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) to new heights, proved through political wisdom and farsightedness that she is a matchless leader like her name Benazir.
BADIN -- Pakistan Peoples Party ladies wing Badin staged protest demonstration in front of Badin press club against removal of shaheed Benazir Bhutto's picture from Benazir income support programe card.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan People's Party leader Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari on Tuesday served Rs1000 million legal notice on Syeda Abida Husain for levelling 'false, unsubstantiated and tendentious allegations' against her mother Benazir Bhutto in her book 'Special Star- Benazir Bhutto's Story'.
It sounds more than a bit outrageous to claim responsibility for an assassination a decade after it was carried out but the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) is used to making wild, unsubstantiated claims without bothering to explain its stout denials earlier of not being involved in Benazir Bhutto's murder on Dec 27, 2007.