Benazir Bhutto


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Bhutto, Benazir

(bĕn'əzĭr` bo͞o`tō), 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali BhuttoBhutto, Zulfikar Ali
, 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963.
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. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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 in 1977. Under detention and then in exile, she returned in 1986 to lead the Pakistan People's party (PPP) and to fight military rule. In Nov., 1988, three months after President Zia ul-Haq died in a plane crash, Bhutto's alliance gained a narrow majority in parliamentary elections, and she became prime minister, the first female leader of a Muslim nation. Her government, marked by continuous intrigue and able to accomplish little, was dismissed by President Gulam Ishaq Khan in Aug., 1990. He accused her, her husband, Asif Ali ZardariZardari, Asif Ali
, 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England.
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, and her party of corruption. Zardari was held (1990–93) on various charges, although eventually acquitted, and the PPP lost the late 1990 elections.

In 1993, Bhutto again became prime minister. By then a more seasoned politician, she made alliances, including with the military, that enabled her to deal with some of Pakistan's deep-seated problems. In Nov., 1996, though, her government was again dismissed. Zardari was accused of murdering Bhutto's brother, a political rival, as well as of accepting kickbacks, and was imprisoned; sweeping corruption charges were brought against Bhutto. In 1999, Bhutto and Zardari were both convicted of corruption; Bhutto appealed the verdict while living in exile in England and the United Arab Emirates.

In 2001 the Pakistani supreme court set aside the corruption charges facing Bhutto and Zardari and ordered their retrial, but a Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003. Bhutto was barred from running in the 2002 Pakistani parliamentary elections. Zardari was released from prison in 2004, a move that appeared designed to improve the Musharraf government's relations with the PPP; he subsequently left Pakistan.

In Oct., 2007, after extended negotiations with the government, Bhutto returned to Pakistan, intending to run for prime minister in the scheduled Jan., 2008 elections. On her return, she survived an attempt on her life that killed more than 130 persons, but was assassinated two months later in an attack, widely ascribed to Islamic militants, that followed a political rally in Rawalpindi. A UN report, released in 2010, said Pakistani intelligence agencies had hampered the investigation into her murder. In 2017 the Islamist militants accused of her murder who had not been killed in military operations were acquitted; two police officials were convicted of negligence and mishandling the case; and former Pres. Pervez MusharrafMusharraf, Pervez
, 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a
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, accused of complicity, was declared a fugitive. Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, 1988–, assisted by her husband, succeeded her as PPP leader.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Daughter of Destiny (1989, repr. 2008) and her Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing the ceremony, Tariq Ali Khan, Jan Rome Khan, Mehboobur Rehman, Sikander Hayat and Muhammad Rasool Khan said that the sacrifices rendered by Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and her family for the people of Pakistan is pride for us today.
He also resolved to follow in the footsteps of Benazir Bhutto.
The issue was raised by Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Senator Sherry Rehman who took to the floor of the house and said, "The world acknowledges the services of Benazir Bhutto. The government should apologise for not including her name in the official advertisement released to mark International Women's Day."
It was July 2007, when a Central Executive Committee meeting of PPP was held at my house in London where Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto had decided to return to Pakistan against all the odds and that she would announce the date of her return in September.
She said the party was deprived of a great leader in Benazir Bhutto on Dec 27 and the vacuum created by her death could never be filled.
While paying tribute to the slain former first ever female prime minister of Pakistan, Dr Qadri said, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was a clever political leader, and was considered as one of the most dynamic figures in the world.
He said that October 18 is a sad day in the history of the country and an occasion to pay homage to brave martyrs who laid down their lives while welcoming their beloved leader Shaheed Mohtarama Benazir Bhutto on this day in 2007.
Rehman Malik said that Shaheed Mohtarama Benazir Bhutto's plane was got delayed at airport based on a security threat but it did not deter her to continue to sit in the plane.
Keywords: Democracy, Governance, Benazir Bhutto, Opposition, and Centre-provinces Relations.
On her return, a deadly attack was made on Benazir Bhutto soon after her arrival in Karachi.
The Benazir Bhutto Leadership Program (BBLP), aiming to prepare and train people for leadership roles, was launched at the Harvard University.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) on Thursday observed 11th death anniversary of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto with the pledge to follow the footsteps and philosophy of their leader, who sacrificed her life for democracy and right of down trodden masses of the country.