Bendery


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Bendery

or

Bender:

see TighinaTighina
, formerly Bender
or Bendery
, city (1996 est. pop. 137,423), E Moldova, a port on the Dniester River. It is a rail hub and a trade center for timber, fruits, and tobacco.
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, Moldova.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bendery

 

a city in the Moldavian SSR, a river port on the right bank of the Dnestr, as well as an important rail connection. Population, 72,000 (1969). In the 12th century the Genoese built a fort here at the site of an ancient settlement. In the early 16th century it was taken by the Turks. Russian troops occupied it three times (1770, 1789, and 1806) during the Russo-Turkish wars of the 18th and 19th century. The Treaty of Bucharest in 1812 made it a part of Russia along with the rest of Bessarabia. After 1818 it was a district center. From 1918 to 1940 it was part of boyar Rumania, but on June 28, 1940, it was reunited with Moldavia. In the period 1941–44 the German fascist aggressors almost completely destroyed Bendery. The city was liberated by the Soviet Army on Aug. 23, 1944. Bendery is one of the industrial centers of the republic. Light industry and food industry enterprises are important: there is a meat-packing combine, a vegetable oil-extracting plant, and a wine-making and canning plant, as well as a silk-making combine, a cotton spinning factory, a shoe factory, a garment factory, and others. The Moldavia Cable Plant, an electrical appliance plant, a plant for reinforced concrete structures, and the Fane-rodetal’ Combine are all located there. Bendery has a light industry technicum and a medical college, as well as a museum of local lore and people’s theater. The fortress, of rectangular design, founded in 1538, has been preserved along with its inner citadel (the Turkish architect Sinan). An early 19th-century cathedral has also been preserved.

REFERENCES

Istoriia Moldavii, vol. 1. Kishinev, 1951.
Sebriakovskii, V. Moldaviia. Moscow, 1948.
Savchenko, G. F., and S. Khait. Bendery. Kishinev, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In August 1989, more than fifty factories in Chisinau (Kishinev), Tighina (Bendery), Ribnita (Rybnitsa), Comrat (Komrat) and other cities had joined a strike begun in Tiraspol to protest the requirement of a minimal knowledge of Romanian for the non-Romanian inhabitants.
Other cities are less interesting, but provide visitors a view of brandy manufacturing (in Beltsy) or the old forts from the Russian-Turkish conflict over the region (at Bendery and Tiraspol).
The politically minded, for example, will find here the 'Bendery Constitution', to which Pylyp Orlyk subscribed in 1710 on succeeding Hetman Mazepa (with which the volume begins); the 'Fourth Universal', which declared Ukrainian independence in January 1918; the Manifesto of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (1940); the September 1989 programme of Ukraine's Movement for Perestroika; thirty pages of the 1993 draft of contemporary Ukraine's constitution (the longest of the volume's forty-two documents).
Loyola -- Martinez 1 3-4 5, Moser 0 0-0 0, Dabu 1 0-0 2, Ebeling 3 2-2 11, Satter 4 2-2 14, Pakrer-Hall 0 1-2 1, Bendery 0 0-1 0, Scarsella 0 0-0 0, Ogliore 1 1-2 3, Guzzardo 0 0-0 0.
(33.) See Jennifer Bendery, Republicans Are All Over The Place On Senate Filibuster Reform, HUFFINGTON POST (Nov.
For example, Baugous and Bendery (2000) suggested students are on task more in classrooms that have fewer management problems; it has been reported that such management problems tend to distract both teachers and students making it difficult for either to focus on learning experiences (Clough, Smassal, & Clough, 1994).
On 11 April, in fact, the Presidents of Moldova, Vladimir Vorodin, and of Transnistria, Igor Smirnov - who had not met for almost seven years - agreed to a direct encounter in Bendery, a Transnistrian town, after having spoken via telephone.
Loyola -- .Moore 1 0-0 2, Martinez 4 3-4 12, Moser 4 0-0 10, Dabu 1 0-0 2, Ebeling 2 0-2 4, Satter 3 2-2 10, Parker-Hall 1 1-2 3, Bendery 0 0-0 0, Ogliore 0 0-0 0, Naughton 1 0-0 3, Scarsella 0 0-0 0, Kurkowski 2 0-0 6, Talaga 0 0-0 0, Guzzardo 0 0-0 0.