Benedict XI

Benedict XI,

d. 1304, pope (1303–4), an Italian (b. Treviso) named Niccolo Boccasini; successor of Boniface VIII. Prior to his election he had been master general of the Dominican order. As pope he was able to conciliate many of the enemies Boniface had made, chiefly Philip IV of France, whose excommunication he rescinded. However, he would not yield on the excommunication of Boniface's assaulters, Sciarra Colonna and Philip's emissary, Nogaret. The Colonna faction controlled Rome, and Benedict withdrew to Perugia, a prelude to the flight of the papacy to Avignon under Benedict's successor, Clement V, in 1309. Benedict was beatified in 1638.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I myself think of Vasari's story of the perfect circle that Giotto drew freehand to demonstrate his skill to Pope Benedict XI, but also of a different iconographic tradition, not circular: that of the veronica, the vera icon, or "true image," said to be the face of Christ left on a cloth that Saint Veronica laid over him in compassion at Calvary.
When, a year later, he fell out with them, he persuaded Pope Benedict XI, an old chum, to make it the centre for the cult of Sta Maria della Carita and a pilgrimage site.
NICOSIA, June 7 -- Pope Benedict XI, speaking after a world outcry over Israel's blockade of Gaza, appealed on Sunday for "concerted international efforts" to ease tensions in the Middle East before more blood is spilled.
Pope Benedict XI is expected to visit Cyprus in June, and according to Ingram, the newly appointed hospice committee are hoping to have the project finished by then in time to receive his personal blessing.
Boniface's successor was Blessed Benedict XI, a Dominican who reigned less than a year, to be replaced by a French cardinal, Bertrand de Got (Clement V), who moved the pope's headquarters to Avignon, France, thereby beginning the 70 years' "Babylonian captivity" of the papacy.