Venerable Mary of Agreda had discourses with the Mother of God, recorded in Ciudad de Dios (City of God), approved first by Pope Innocent XI in 1686 and subsequently by Popes Alexander VIII, Clement IX, and Benedict XIII
In 1415, Pope Gregory XII resigned in an effort to put an end to the so-called 'Western Schism' 6 a complex web of affairs in which two others -- the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII
and the Antipope John XXIII 6 also claimed the papacy.
Particularly impressive was the achievement of one page as a folded extra, so that the manuscript of the Bull of Pope Benedict XIII
, which confirmed the foundation of the university in 1413, could be reproduced as large as possible, with an extra photograph concentrating on the attached bulla.
of the Order and its approval by Benedict XIII
in 1725 of Jean Baptiste De La Salle and his outreach to the marginalised.
He had served longer as cardinal than any Pope since Benedict XIII
and is the ninth German Pope - the eighth having been the Dutch-German Pope Adrian VI.
The Pisan allegiance replaced him with Cossa, but there were now three popes in contention: Cossa as John XXIII, Gregory XII in Rome and Benedict XIII
Second, his accounts of individual popes are good, especially his treatments of Gregory I, Benedict XIII
, Benedict XIV, Pius IX, and Pius XI, although his presentation of Pius XII is sufficiently noncommittal to please neither Pius's despisers nor his defenders.
When Prospero Lambertini was elected in 1740 he thought he was Benedict XIII
, but Vatican officials nervously suggested that just possibly the previous Benedict XIII
(1394-1417) might after all have been the rightful pope, so he called himself Benedict XIV.
In his Pennal Letter, composed during a synod meeting of the Welsh church in the town of the same name, he offered his allegiance to Pope Benedict XIII
Peter's but were then moved elsewhere, among them: Eugene IV, Callistus III, Pius II, Alexander VI, Leo X, Hadrian VI, Pius IV, Pius V, Clement VIII, Paul V, Gregory XV, Innocent X, Clement IX, Benedict XIII
, and Clement XIV.
His diatribes concede that the perspective of his sister-in-law found sympathy in Rome, both in the "court" of popular opinion, the law courts, and with the pope himself, Benedict XIII
(Pietro Francesco Orsini, r.
His call to recognize the legitimacy of Benedict XIII
, and nor choose another pope, was not heeded; the cardinals instead decided to elect Angelo Correr of Venice, Dominici's friend.