Benedict XIV


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Benedict XIV,

1675–1758, pope (1740–58), an Italian (b. Bologna) named Prospero Lambertini; successor of Clement XII. Long before his pontificate he was renowned for his learning and wrote a classic treatise on the subject of canonization (1734–38). In 1728 he became a cardinal. He was much interested in the Eastern churches and began (with the bull Etsi pastoralis, 1742) the modern papal legislation that favors the Eastern rites and prohibits activity that is likely to Latinize them. He beautified Rome and restored monuments, and he was munificent to Bologna. He patronized learning and welcomed scholars and artists to his court. He denounced the cruelty to the Native Americans in the disbanding of the Paraguay reductionsreductions,
Span. reducciones, settlements of indigenous peoples in colonial Latin America, founded (beginning in 1609) to utilize efficiently native labor and to teach the natives the ways of Spanish life.
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. He was succeeded by Clement XIII.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, Hemming believes that Benedict XIV was the inspiration for the current pope.
Benedict of Nursia, the founder of Western monasticism, or Benedict XIV, the Pope of the Enlightenment and friend of Voltaire?
Yet there are a couple of 'musts' for Benedict XIV.
Its publication history was even more unorthodox, with Voltaire following a course of justification and obfuscation which led finally to the text being prefaced by a spurious 'avis de l'editeur', a letter to Frederick the Great, and three letters (all in Italian) to and from the Pope, the one from Benedict XIV having first been subtly doctored to provide the famous papal approval of a play ostensibly attacking Christianity's most formidable enemy but which, as indicated by its primary title and the one by which it was known throughout the eighteenth century, castigated the dangerously irrational ingredient common to all revealed religions.
Even the pope, Benedict XIV, went to one of the performances, though probably not the one depicted here.
Among much else of considerable importance which he has to tell us, Dr Johns argues that Clement's creation of a gallery for the display of papal busts in the Quirinale (then a papal palace), and his entrusting the formation of the (now dispersed) Museo Ecclesiastico to Francesco Bianchini, his Presidente delle Antichita, provided the 'immortale pensiero' from which grew the magnificent series of pontifical museums rounded by Benedict XIV, Plus VI, and Pius VII.
85-99) to the activity of the last Bolognese pope, Benedict XIV (r.
These and similar developments competed with Rome's renewed attempts to tighten its own authority in Church life, as had occurred during the papacy of Benedict XIV (1740-1758).
When Prospero Lambertini was elected in 1740 he thought he was Benedict XIII, but Vatican officials nervously suggested that just possibly the previous Benedict XIII (1394-1417) might after all have been the rightful pope, so he called himself Benedict XIV.
Summary: Pope Benedict XIV is due to meet leading Muslim and Jewish clerics at their holy sites in Jerusalem during his Middle East tour.
Clovis, in his treatment of slavery and its modern day equivalent, abortion, writes; "It is noteworthy that the Bulls issued from the time of Eugene IV (1435) to Paul III (1537) were directed primarily at civil and military authorities, while those issued from Urban VIII (1639) to Benedict XIV (1741) explicitly and forcefully include all members of the clergy and religious orders--a sign perhaps there had been a growing clerical resistance to papal teaching on slavery.
Yet the papal encyclical itself is a modern development, first employed in the 18th century by Pope Benedict XIV.