Benedict XV


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Related to Benedict XV: Pius XI, Benedict XVI

Benedict XV,

1854–1922, pope (1914–22), an Italian (b. Genoa) named Giacomo della Chiesa; successor of Pius XPius X, Saint,
1835–1914, pope (1903–14), an Italian named Giuseppe Sarto, b. near Treviso; successor of Leo XIII and predecessor of Benedict XV. Ordained in 1858, he became bishop of Mantua (1884), a cardinal (1893), and patriarch of Venice (1893).
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. He was made archbishop of Bologna in 1907 and cardinal in 1914, two months before his election as pope. His policy in World War I was one of the strictest neutrality, and he had the respect of all belligerents. He originated several proposals for peace. Benedict was charitable toward war victims, and he founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war. During his pontificate France and England resumed diplomatic relations with the Holy See and he promulgated (1917) the Code of Canon Law (Codex iuris canonici). He was succeeded by Pius XIPius XI,
1857–1939, pope (1922–39), an Italian named Achille Ratti, b. Desio, near Milan; successor of Benedict XV. Prepapal Career

Ratti's father was a silk manufacturer. He studied in Milan and at the Gregorian Univ., Rome, and was ordained in 1879.
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.

Bibliography

See biography by W. H. Peters (1959).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Benedict XV

 

(secular name, Marchese Giacomo Delia Chiesa). Born Nov. 21, 1854, in Pegli, near Genoa; died Jan. 22, 1922, in Rome. Pope from 1914 to 1922.

From 1883 to 1907, Delia Chiesa was in the Vatican diplomatic service. He served as bishop of Bologna between 1907 and 1914, becoming cardinal in 1914. During World War 1 (1914–18), while the Vatican officially proclaimed its neutrality, he in fact supported the Austro-German bloc. In 1916–17 the Vatican undertook an active diplomatic policy to achieve a compromise imperialistic peace for the purpose of preventing revolution in the warring countries (An Address to the Leaders of the Warring Countries, Aug. 1, 1917, and other notes). Benedict XV took a hostile position with regard to the Great October Socialist Revolution and Soviet power.

M. M. SHEINMAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Benedict XV

original name Giacomo della Chiesa. 1854--1922, pope (1914--22); noted for his repeated attempts to end World War I and for his organization of war relief
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The present situation reminds me of the world dilemma in 1914 and the efforts of Pius X (1835-1914) and, later, Benedict XV (1854-1922) to stop the so-called "Great War." It was said of Pius that he died of a broken heart over the outbreak of that war.
(7) Benedict XV, Encyclical Letter Maximum Illud, 1919.
Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922) tried unsuccessfully to end World War I and to create an international alliance among the nations of the world.
I NOTE that once again a public apology has been issued, this time by the Foreign Office for the distasteful memo concerning Pope Benedict XV's visit in September (The Journal, April 26).
Pope Benedict XV! expressed his "full and unquestionable solidarity" with Jews on Wednesday, after outraging many by rehabilitating a bishop last week who denies the Holocaust.
The name Benedict came from the Latin for "blessing" and the last Pope bearing the name, Benedict XV, reigned during the First World War.
--Pope Benedict xv, starts out his trip to the United States with the first of many apologies for the sexual abuse scandal.
Pope Benedict XV said he prays to God that the death of Archbishop Rahho could in some way help the peace process in Iraq.
Eliot, Milwaukee artist Bob Watt and a poem honoring the encyclical of Pope Benedict XV. Liddy is gleeful, funny with his subjects, poking gentle fun at various aspects of life while also being true to his poetic style.
Moreover, many commentators opined that Pope Benedict chose his name inspired by the reign of Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922.) While Benedict XV crusaded to stop World War I, Benedict XVI will work tirelessly for global stability.
On April 19, 2005, after only four ballots in conclave, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger at the age of seventy-eight was elected bishop of Rome, taking the name "Benedict XVI." In his first official public audience, on April 27, the new pope indicated that the name "Benedict" recalls the papacy of Benedict XV (1914-22), and so his choice of name bears a good deal of significance.
He believes, as Benedict XV wrote in his 1917 encyclical Humanis Generis, that 'some of the things revealed by Cod terrorize weak and corrupt human nature and are not in a position to attract the masses'.