Benevento

(redirected from Beneventum)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Beneventum: Capua, Battle of Chalons

Benevento

(bānāvān`tō), city (1991 pop. 62,561), capital of Benevento prov., in Campania, S Italy. It is a trade center for wine and tobacco. It is basically an impoverished area with little industry. A leading town of Samnium, Benevento became under the Romans an important trade center on the Appian Way. It was the capital of a powerful Lombard duchy (6th–11th cent.) that extended over much of S Italy. Except for short periods of foreign occupation, the city was under papal rule from the 11th cent. to 1860. In 1266, Charles of Anjou defeated Manfred, King of Sicily, near Benevento. Noteworthy structures of the city include the cathedral (11th–13th cent., restored after being severely damaged in World War II); a triumphal arch erected (A.D. 114) for Trajan; a Roman theater (2d cent. B.C.); and the Church of Santa Sofia, with a 12th-century cloister.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Benevento

a city in S Italy, in N Campania: at various times under Samnite, Roman, Lombard, Saracen, Norman, and papal rule. Pop.: 61 791 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Its political center was at ancient Beneventum, sixty kilometers east of Naples.
Aulus Gellius speaks of 'a certain dabbler in the Latin language' who was summoned to Beneventum by its citizens, presumably to teach there.
But in 275 B.C., the Romans defeated Pyrrhus outright at the Battle of Beneventum and he was forced to return to Greece.
Principal battles: Cannae (216); Nola II (215); River Calor (Calore) (214); Beneventum (Benevento) (212).
Principal battles: Aquilonia (Aquilonia Calitri) (293); Beneventum (Benevento) (275).
Principal battles: Cumae (215); Beneventum (Benevento) (214).
Principal battles: Ipsus (Aksehir) (301); Heraclea (near Scansano) (280); Asculum (Ascoli Satriano) (279); Beneventum (Benevento) (275).