Benito Pablo Juárez

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Juárez, Benito Pablo

 

Born Mar. 21, 1806, in San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca; died July 18, 1872, in Mexico City. Mexican statesman, political figure, and national hero.

The son of Indian peasants, Juárez was born into poverty. In 1827 he graduated from a religious seminary in the city of Oaxaca, and in 1833 from law school, also in Oaxaca, where he then practiced law. As governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1852, he played an important role in the organized resistance against American intervention during the Mexican War of 1846–48. Having fought against the dictatorship of A. de Santa Anna, Juárez was exiled in 1853.

With the outbreak of the bourgeois revolution in 1854, Juárez returned to Mexico and joined the army of the liberals. In 1855 he was appointed minister of justice and church affairs in the revolutionary government of J. Alvarez. Juárez was one of the authors of the Constitution of 1857 and of various anticlerical laws. He headed the government from 1858 to 1861, and during the civil war of 1858–60 he led the struggle that ended with the reactionaries’ defeat. He took an active part in drafting the reform laws of 1859. From 1861 to 1872 he was president of the country, and during the Mexican expedition of 1861–67 he led the victorious struggle of the Mexican people against the English, French, and Spanish interventionists and domestic reactionaries.

REFERENCES

Ocherki novoi i noveishei istorii Meksiki. Moscow, 1960.
Lavretskii, I. R. Khuares (1806–1872). Moscow, 1969.

N. M. LAVROV

References in periodicals archive ?
El Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juarez de la Ciudad de Mexico informo que los despegues de sus pistas fueron suspendidos por motivos de seguridad, sin que hasta el momento se conozcan mas detalles.
Los vecinos del condominio Jardin del Valle, en el numero 1025 de la Avenida Coyoacan, colonia Del Valle (alcaldia Benito Juarez), queremos denunciar publicamente una obra que desde hace nueve anos se desarrolla en el numero 1031, detras de nuestro fraccionamiento.
Tenders are invited for "Supply of electricity at freely negotiated prices for the needs of the 49th Benito Juarez Primary School, Sofia from an electricity trader and coordinator of a standard balancing group for the period 2019 - 2020."
At Benito Juarez International Airport, he was seen off by Saudi Ambassador to Mexico Hammad bin Ghanim Al-Ruwaili and a number of officials.
| A Salvadoran migrant shaves at the Benito Juarez Sports Center serving as a temporary shelter for Central American migrants in Tijuana, Mexico,.
La brillante generacion de la Reforma de la que formo parte Benito Juarez estuvo marcada por el talento, tambien por la austeridad y por ello es recordada, ademas de establecer un Estado laico como la mejor opcion de convivencia social.
Aeromexico launched service on its new route between Boston's Logan International Airport (BOS) and Mexico City's Benito Juarez International Airport (MEX) on June 1st, 2015, serviced by a 124-seat Boeing 737-700 aircraft.
Este fue uno de sus ultimos actos antes de abandonar el pais y regresar a el hasta la decada de 1860, con la venida del presidente Benito Juarez; el otro fue el haber depositado el Poder Ejecutivo en un triunvirato integrado por Ignacio Pavon, Mariano Salas y Martin Carrera, con el fin de complicar la reconstruccion de un nuevo gobierno a los caudillos de Ayutla, que lo habian derrotado y lo hicieron abandonar el pais.
The huge megaproject sponsored by the Chinese government in Quintana Roo state is back on track after receiving a favorable court ruling that overrode strong opposition from the municipal government of Benito Juarez, which includes the resort of Cancun.
The study suggested either clockwise movement from Benito Juarez Marg or anti-clockwise movement from RTR Marg.
Three federal officers were shot to death in the food-court of Terminal 2 of Mexico City's Benito Juarez International Airport on Monday.
El dia 23 de septiembre se presento en el Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales de la Universidad Autonoma Benito Juarez de Oaxaca el libro "Usos y costumbres y ciudadania femenina", con la participacion de Said Infgante Gil (director de la casa editorial del Colegio); Veronica Vazquez Garcia, PIT y autora del libro; Laura Irene Gaytan Bohorquez (directora del IISUABJO); Gloria Zafra (academica del IISUABJO); Rosa Hernandez Luis (ex-presitenta municipal de Santa Catarina Lachatao); Tomasa Leon Tapia (ex-presidenta de Santiago Yolomecatl); Jaime Martinez Luna (intelectual oaxaqueno); y Jorge Hernandez Dias (academico del IISUABJO).