Benjamin Netanyahu

(redirected from Benjamin Natanyahu)

Netanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin

(bēn`yəmēn' nĕtənyä`ho͞o), 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv. A member of the conservative Likud party, the self-assured Netanyahu, known universally in Israel as "BiBi," attended high school in the United States, where his father was a history professor. He was an officer in an elite Israeli commando unit from 1967 to 1972 and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.Sc. 1974, M.Sc. 1976). Returning to Israel in 1978, he became active in politics and served as Israel's UN representative (1984–88). First elected to Israel's parliament in 1988, he became deputy foreign minister (1988–91) and deputy prime minister (1991–92). During this period he earned a reputation for American-style media savvy.

As leader (1993–99) of the Likud party, Netanyahu was largely responsible for engineering its return to political power after its 1992 electoral defeat. An opponent of the peace policies espoused by Israel's Labor government, he was criticized for cultivating Jewish extremist support after the 1995 assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak RabinRabin, Yitzhak
, 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the
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. Narrowly elected in May, 1996, he became Israel's youngest prime minister, promising a tough stance on terrorism. His tenure was marked by difficult peace talks with the Palestinians. Corruption scandals in his cabinet and strong reactions to his personality contributed to his May, 1999, loss to One Israel (Labor) party leader Ehud BarakBarak, Ehud
, 1942–, Israeli military and political leader, prime minister of Israel (1999–2001). The son of East European immigrants in Palestine, he was born Ehud Brog, later adopting the Hebrew name Barak [lightning].
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. Subsequently, Netanyahu served under Prime Minister Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 as foreign minister (2002–3) and as finance minister (2003–5), but resigned and unsuccessfully challenged (2005) Sharon for the Likud leadership when Israel withdrew its settlers and forces from the Gaza Strip. When Sharon subsequently left Likud, Netanyahu became party leader; the party did poorly in the 2006 elections. A better showing in the 2009 elections enabled him to become prime minister of a largely right-wing coalition government in Apr., 2009; the centrist Kadima party joined the coalition in 2012. Despite Likud alliance loses, he remained prime minister after the 2013 elections, this time heading a center-right coalition, but the government only lasted until Dec., 2014. New elections in 2015 resulted in a Likud plurality, and Netanyahu formed a largely right-wing coalition government in May; he served as defense minister as well from Nov., 2018. In 2018 he faced a series of police corruption investigations, and in 2019 the attorney general charged him with bribery and other offenses. His wife, accused of fraud and breach of trust in a separate case, pleaded guilty in 2019 to misusing state funds. Likud won pluralities in inconclusive elections in Apr. and Sept., 2019, and no government was formed. After the Mar., 2020, election also was inconclusive, he and opposition leader Benny Gantz agreed to form a government, but it collapsed in Dec., 2020.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Even, it seems, given the murders of at least 100 Palestinians and the deliberate shooting and injuring of many hundreds more on the very day the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Natanyahu basked in the opening of the new United States embassy there, moderate Jews -- and there is such a demographic -- have had enough.
He underlined that the seditionists, rioters, US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Natanyahu will take to the grave their wish for annihilation of Iran.
Clegg's words follow a speech by Middle East Minister Alistair Burt at Israel's Bar Ilan University last week, which was also highly critical of Benjamin Natanyahu's position.
Benjamin Natanyahu was clear a few days ago when he said the key for peace was for the Palestinians to admit the existence of a Jewish Israel, as well as to forget the "definitive waiver of the right to return," of course.
The expectations the accords generated during the government of Yitzak Rabin cooled after the coming to power of the right-wing coalition of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Natanyahu. The existence of religious parties in the Israeli cabinet registered little enthusiasm for strong Catholic-Jewish relations.