Benjamin Thompson


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Benjamin Thompson: Caloric theory

Thompson, Benjamin

 

(Count Rumford). Born Mar. 26, 1753, in Woburn, Mass.; died Aug. 24, 1814, in Auteuil, near Paris. British physicist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1779).

Thompson did not receive a systematic education. Between 1766 and 1772 he worked as a storekeeper’s apprentice in Salem and Boston and as a doctor’s apprentice in Woburn. He carried out secret assignments for the British command while an officer in the New Hampshire militia from 1772 to 1776. Between 1776 and 1781, Thompson was employed in various government positions in London. He commanded a regiment of royal dragoons from 1781 to 1783 in the War of Independence in North America. Between 1784 and 1798, Thompson occupied a number of government positions in Bavaria; he was, for example, minister of war. He returned to London in 1798. In 1799 he initiated the establishment of the Royal Institution. From 1804 he lived in Paris.

Thompson’s scientific work began in 1778 with his quantitative measurement of the explosive force of gunpowder. By treating heat as a special form of motion, he was able to account for the heat evolved when cannon barrels are bored. Thompson discovered and investigated the phenomenon of convection in gases and liquids. He developed a number of physical devices and instruments, such as special thermometers and photometers.

WORKS

Collected Works, vols. 1–5. Cambridge, 1968–70.

REFERENCES

Sparrow, W. J. Knight of the White Eagle: A Biography of Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford. [London, 1964.]
Brown, S. C. Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford: Count Rumford on the Nature of Heat. Oxford [1967].

I. D. ROZHANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Front: Ryan Slevin, Daniel Slevin, Roneet Karara, Daniel Akroyd, Marc Grossett, Benjamin Thompson. (zy041207Atangsoodo-01)
Sophia Tarzaban, Sasha Teninty, Victor Thang, Jackson Thomas, Nicholas Thomas, Benjamin Thompson, Carolyn Thompson, Taylor Thompson, Angela Tocchi, Angelina Torres Mann, Hudson Tyler, Eugene Ueno, Kelsi Van Heise, Kalee VanWyck, Edward Vinis, Arielle Von Hippel, Amanda Walker-LaFollette, Alisha Walton, Ellen Wang, Shelby Wanser, Lindsey Warne, Forrest Watkins, Breanna Watson, Ronald Weinhold, Zoe Werthamer, Grace Whitmore, Daniel Willey-Cramer, Katherine Williams, Jesse Wilson, Nathan Wilson, Taylor Wilson, Calla Wilson-Traisman, Grace Wittig, Annemieke Woelbing, Bermen Wong, Alena Woods, Rayven Wray, Eunice Wright, Staci Wright, Veronika Wuest, Donovan Yan, Lea Zagorin, Carolina Zamora, Emmareighn Zapata, Elias Zauner and Lelia Zsiga.
Honors: Alicia Aniello, Nicholas Bertuzzi, Deanna Brossi, Olivia Carter, Sara Connors, Wesley Grover, Daniel Harvey, Spencer Holland, Geoffrey Klapproth, Aviva Luttrell, James MacDonald, Ryan MacLean, Amelia Maietta, Michael Maneri, Connor Martell, Erica Mazzarelli, Jace Mazzarelli, Hannah McDonald, Jillian Murphy, Chelsea Nelson, Christopher Reiffarth, Timothy Rudden, Caroline Seals, Kyle Snow, Benjamin Thompson, Zachary Wojtowicz and Stephanie Young.
Benjamin Thompson (junior, green belt) silver in Formation, bronze in Free-fighting.
Benjamin Thompson, Barry Lindoe and Alan Coxon were the scorers with Paul Broom and David Hutchinson replying for the home side.
American Sir Benjamin Thompson, later Count Rumford, who died in 1814, was an inventor who helped found the Royal Institution to popularise science and technology.
The answer to that question was an unqualified "yes." The renowned Cambridge, MA architectural firm Benjamin Thompson & Associates snapped her up.
Benjamin Thompson repeatedly stabbed Harriet De Raeve in an "outbursting of jealousy" when the relationship turned sour, a court heard.
Annfield Plain, who have played fewer games apart from Gateshead, moved to almost mid-table with a 4-1 win at Ferryhill Athletic where Benjamin Thompson (2), Tony Quinn and Danny Bankhead struck before Jeremy Norris claimed a Ferryhill consolation.
Way are part of the Partnership's privately-financed $32 million program of cityscape improvement for the whole 53 square blocks of the Grand Central Partnership business improvement district pursuant to a Master Plan created by the winner of a major architectural competition, Benjamin Thompson & Associates of Cambridge, Massachusetts, the designer of the South Street Seaport in NYC and Faneuil Hall Market in Boston.
Benjamin Thompson, Barry Lindoe and Alan Coxon were the marksmen, with Paul Broom and Davis Hutchinson on target for Coxhoe.
Annfield Plain expect to have Shaun Little, Benjamin Thompson and Kris Soulsby back in their squad.