Bennett, James Gordon, Jr.

Bennett, James Gordon, Jr.

(1841–1918) newspaper editor; born in New York City. Taking over the New York Herald from his father in 1867, he continued a tradition of aggressive news gathering and financed several famous international expeditions, including Henry Morton Stanley's successful search in central Africa for David Livingstone (1869–71). He moved to Paris in 1877, conducting his business from there via cables, correspondence, and the summoning of editors. In 1883, with John Mackay, he founded a company to lay transatlantic cables, breaking Jay Gould's monopoly. Four years later he established the renowned Paris edition of the Herald. An avid sportsman, he established international trophies in yachting, automobile, and aeronautical racing.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.