Beno Gutenberg

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gutenberg, Beno


Born June 4, 1889, in Darmstadt; died Jan. 25, 1960, in Pasadena, Calif. American geophysicist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C.

Gutenberg was a graduate of the University of Göttingen in Germany (1911). During the years of the fascist regime, he emigrated to the United States, where he was a professor at the California Institute of Technology and director of its seismological laboratory. He is noted for his study of the seismicity of the earth and the structure of the earth’s interior and atmosphere. Together with the American geophysicist C. Richter, he developed a scale for measuring the magnitude of earthquakes. The Gutenberg discontinuity was named in his honor.


In Russian translation:
Seismichnost’ Zemli. Moscow, 1948.
Fizika zemnykh nedr. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Brown, Aberdeen ATHE Richter magnitude scale was developed in 1935 in California by Charles Richter and Beno Gutenberg to measure medium-sized earthquakes.
Hough details how Richter and his colleague Beno Gutenberg developed methods for locating earthquakes and assessing their magnitude.
The German-born American geologist Beno Gutenberg (1889-1960), studying this phenomenon, suggested in 1914 that there was a core at the center of the Earth, about 2100 miles in radius, that was markedly different in density and chemical composition from the material outside that radius.