Bentham, George(bĕn`thəm), 1800–1884, one of the greatest of English systematic botanists; nephew of Jeremy Bentham. He wrote Handbook of British Flora (1858) and, with W. J. Hooker, Genera Plantarum (1862–83), as well as handbooks on the flora of several British possessions including a seven volume flora of Australia. He also produced global studies of several major plant families in the latter part of the 19th cent.
Born Sept. 22, 1800, in Stock, near Plymouth; died Sept. 10,1884, in London. English botanist. Together with J. Hooker, Bentham wrote the fundamental work Genera Plantarum (vols. 1–3,1862–83), in which every genus of flowering plants was described. He also gave descriptions of the flora of Australia (with F. Muller), India, the environs of Hong Kong, and other locales.