Bentley, Richard

Bentley, Richard,

1662–1742, English critic and philologist. Generally considered the greatest of English classical scholars, he was also an Anglican clergyman who became (1717) Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. An editor and critic of Greek and Latin texts, he was largely responsible for raising standards of textual criticism in the work of his many followers. His Dissertation upon The Epistles of Phalaris (1699), an exposure of a 14th cent. forgery of a purported 6th-cent. B.C. text, was his most celebrated work. His editions of the poems of HoraceHorace
(Quintus Horatius Flaccus) , 65 B.C.–8 B.C., Latin poet, one of the greatest of lyric poets, b. Venusia, S Italy. He studied at Rome and Athens and, joining Brutus and the republicans, fought (42 B.C.) at Philippi.
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 (1712) and of Marcus ManiliusManilius, Marcus
, fl. A.D. 10, Roman poet. Of his didactic poem on astrology, the Astronomica, five books remain. These may or may not have constituted the whole work.
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's Astronomica (1739) were other outstanding works. Bentley was pilloried by SwiftSwift, Jonathan,
1667–1745, English author, b. Dublin. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest satirists in the English language. Early Life and Works
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 in the Battle of the Books and PopePope, Alexander,
1688–1744, English poet. Although his literary reputation declined somewhat during the 19th cent., he is now recognized as the greatest poet of the 18th cent. and the greatest verse satirist in English.
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 in the Dunciad.


See biographies by J. H. Monk (1830), A. Fox (1954), and K. L. Haugen (2011); studies by R. J. White (1968) and R. F. Jones (1961).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Left are, from left to right Sarah Stroyd, Natasha Bentley, Richard Gould, Anthony Carling, Paul Beal, Tony Gilbert, Garry Smith and Steve Brady
Whatever the physics may be, The Seattle Review has a river of writers, many of them critiqued or interviewed here, with subjects including the work of David Wagoner, Denise Levertov, Sonai Sanchez, Nelson Bentley, Richard Hugo, Diane Wakoski, Carolyn Kizer, Lynda Barry, Yusef Komunyakaa, Marilyn Chin, Ivan Doig, William Stafford, Sharon Olds, Rich Bass and N.