Benzyl Chloride

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benzyl chloride

[′ben·zəl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5CH2Cl A colorless liquid with a pungent odor produced by the chlorination of toluene.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Benzyl Chloride


an organic compound, C6H5CH2CI; a colorless liquid with a sharp odor; Tb = 179.3° C. Benzyl chloride is not water-soluble; it is miscible in alcohol, chloroform, and other organic solvents. When heated with water, benzyl chloride gradually hydrolyzes to form benzyl alcohol. Benzyl chloride is obtained industrially by passing chlorine through toluene that has been heated to 90°-100° C and contains 1 percent PCl3.

Benzyl chloride is used to obtain benzyl alcohol and, more importantly, benzyl cellulose, which is widely used in the production of plastics, films, electrical insulating materials, and lacquers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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