Benzyl Chloride


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benzyl chloride

[′ben·zəl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5CH2Cl A colorless liquid with a pungent odor produced by the chlorination of toluene.

Benzyl Chloride

 

an organic compound, C6H5CH2CI; a colorless liquid with a sharp odor; Tb = 179.3° C. Benzyl chloride is not water-soluble; it is miscible in alcohol, chloroform, and other organic solvents. When heated with water, benzyl chloride gradually hydrolyzes to form benzyl alcohol. Benzyl chloride is obtained industrially by passing chlorine through toluene that has been heated to 90°-100° C and contains 1 percent PCl3.

Benzyl chloride is used to obtain benzyl alcohol and, more importantly, benzyl cellulose, which is widely used in the production of plastics, films, electrical insulating materials, and lacquers.

References in periodicals archive ?
We report here the synthesis of a series of N-aryl-2,3-dihydrobenzo[1,4]dioxine-6-sulfonamide and its N-substituted derivatives with benzyl chloride and ethyl iodide.
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The Profit Before Tax of fourth quarter is Rs.71.20 crore, which shows an increase of 9.49% as compared with Rs.65.03 crore in the similar period of the previous year, which is mainly due to improvement in price realizations for Caustic Soda Group, Caustic Potash Group, Phosphoric Acid, Sodium Cyanide, Ploy Aluminium Chloride Group, Chlorinated Parafin Wax, Benzyl Chloride and Benzyal Alcohol products.
The departments said that by May 28, 2013 they will finalize regulations or other control instruments for benzyl chloride, a chemical intermediate used in the manufacture of other substances.
The main derivatives of chloro toluene are benzyl chloride, benzyl alcohol, and benzaldehyde; these are used to manufacture agricultural pesticides, pharmaceuticals, paints, dyes, and perfumes.