Berdiansk


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Berdiansk

 

(from 1939 to 1958, Osipenko), city in Zaporozh’e Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, and port on the Sea of Azov. It has a railroad station and a population of 95,000 (1969). Berdiansk has a farm machine plant, a cable plant, a road machinery plant, a petroleum refinery, a fiberglass plant, and other enterprises. Its industries include footwear, clothing and food. Educational institutions include a pedagogical institute, a machine-building technicum, a viticultural and wine-making technicum, and a medical school. There is an art museum and a museum of local lore. A viticultural sovkhoz is near the city.

A coastal mud health resort is located 5 km from Berdiansk. Summers are dry and warm (mean July temperature, 24° C), winters are mild (mean January temperature, -4° C), and annual precipitation is 380 mm. Medicinal remedies are the silt mud and brine of three lakes—Krasnoe, Maloe, and Velikoe (Bol’shoi Liman)—as well as grape cures. Treatment is given for disorders of the organs of motion and support, nervous system, female organs, and respiratory organs (nontubercular diseases). There are sanatoriums for children and adults, a water and mud treatment center, and a workers’ resort. The city was founded in 1827.

REFERENCE

Berdiansk: Putevoditel’. Dnepropetrovsk, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, in July 1872, when he had first returned to Germany from his trip to Berdiansk, Hespeler reported to Pope that before he had left Germany for Russia, he had forwarded "a large case filled with German pamphlets" about Canada that apparently never arrived.
Zohrab reported to London that the governor of Berdiansk had told him that Jansen's expulsion followed complaints by "Germans," presumably Mennonites, who wanted to stop the emigration movement.
Well aware that this referred to the actions of Hespeler, he informed Russian officials that he understood that Hespeler had visited Berdiansk "on a private mission.
In the midst of the worsening situation, Zohrab now revealed that Hespeler had arrived in Berdiansk in possession of official British documents from the Foreign and Colonial Offices relating to the Mennonite emigration.
In Berdiansk, Zohrab, having overcome the complaints issued against him by Russian officials, continued to send reports on the emigration movement, but he was careful to avoid any direct involvement in the process.
Petersburg, and its consul in Berdiansk as being cool at best toward Mennonite emigration and at worst obstructive.
The Mennonites who contacted the British consul in Berdiansk over possible immigration to Canada had also approached consuls representing United States interests in southern Russia concerning possible immigration to their country.
Telegram quoted in full by Zohrab, Berdiansk, July 19, 1872, TNA FO 65/842, Consular No 16.
Zohrab to Granville Berdiansk July 26, 1872, TNA FO 65/842, Consular No.
According to one account, during this period Hespeler had "extensive correspondence" with Cornelius Jansen in Berdiansk who was one of the leaders of the Mennonite emigration movement--Gustav E.
Zohrab to Granville, Berdiansk, April 12, 1873, Consular 23, TNA FO 65/861.
Zohrab to Granville, Berdiansk, April 26, 1873, Consular 25, TNA FO 65/861.