Berdychiv


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Berdychiv

(byĭrdē`chĭf), Rus. Berdichev, city (1989 pop. 92,000), in central Ukraine, on the Hnylopyat River. It is a rail junction and the industrial and trade center of an area where sugar beets are raised. Engineering, sugar refining, tanning, and the manufacture of foodstuffs are the major industries. Founded in the 14th cent., Berdychiv passed to Lithuania in 1546 and to Poland in 1569; Russia acquired it in 1793. During the 18th cent., Berdychiv was an important Ukrainian commercial city and a center of Jewish HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
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. Landmarks include a fortified Carmelite monastery (17th cent.) that is now a museum.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(For the facts of Conrad's life I have relied on JasanofFs book--strong on biography, lackluster as literary criticism--and on Jeffrey Meyers's 1991 Joseph Conrad: A Biography.) Born Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski on December 3, 1857, in Berdychiv, Ukraine, then part of the Russian Empire (plus ca change...), he was welcomed into this world by a poem his father wrote, "To my son born in the 85th year of Muscovite oppression":
He was born in 1857 as Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski, the only son of an aristocratic and fervently nationalist poet in the now-Ukrainian city of Berdychiv. (A writer could do worse than to come from Berdychiv, which was also the birthplace of Vasily Grossman and the great Yiddish writer Der Nister, the onetime home of Sholem Aleichem, and the site of Balzac and Countess Haiiska's nuptials.) When his father was exiled to northern Russia, the family followed; his mother would die there of tuberculosis.
A study tour via bus continued on to Lviv (Lwow), Zhytomyr (Zytomierz), Berdychiv (Berdyczow), and Terekhova (Terechowa) in Ukraine, under the expert guidance and supremely able organization of Professor Krajka and his assistants Agata Lukasiewicz and Dominika Spadlo, and the sanction of the participating universities and the Polish consulates in Lviv and Vinnitsa.
Outside of the cities of Berdychiv and Zhytomyr, they note, dozens of mass graves have been desecrated in recent years.
Like Conrad's birthplace Berdychiv (Pol: Berdiczow; Rus: Berdichev), which was in 1857 part of Russia's Empire, Kovel was in pre-partition Poland's eastern borderland, today's western Ukraine.
He examines particular Jewish sources of Bashevis's works and his response to Jewish suffering, the pogroms and the Holocaust, seeing the protest against God's injustice expressed in many of his writings as being in the tradition of the rebe of Kotsk (Kock) and Rabbi Levi-Yitskhok of Berditshev (Berdychiv).
In March 2007 vandals painted Nazi symbols on Holocaust memorials in Berdychiv, Zhytomyr Oblast, and Oleksandriya, Kirovohrad Oblast.
3, 1857, Berdichev, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Berdychiv, Ukraine]--d.
At Berdichev (now Berdychiv) in Ukraine, where he lived from 1858 to 1869, Mendele began to publish fiction in both Hebrew and Yiddish.