Berengar of Tours

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Berengar of Tours

(bĕ`rĭng–gər), c.1000–1088?, French theologian, also called Bérenger and Berengarius, b. Tours. He was archdeacon of Angers (c.1040–1060). After studying at Chartres, he returned to Tours to become head of its cathedral school. Berengar is said to have denied the Real Presence in the EucharistEucharist
[Gr.,=thanksgiving], Christian sacrament that repeats the action of Jesus at his last supper with his disciples, when he gave them bread, saying, "This is my body," and wine, saying, "This is my blood." (Mat. 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; 1 Cor. 11.
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. His defiance of authority angered his contemporaries, particularly LanfrancLanfranc
, d. 1089, Italian churchman and theologian, archbishop of Canterbury (1070–89), b. Pavia. At first educated in civil law, he turned to theology and became a pupil of Berengar of Tours. After teaching in Avranches, Normandy, he went to Bec (c.
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. Berengar was defended by Pope Gregory VIIGregory VII, Saint,
d. 1085, pope (1073–85), an Italian (b. near Rome) named Hildebrand (Ital. Ildebrando); successor of Alexander II. He was one of the greatest popes. Feast: May 25.
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 and Peter DamianPeter Damian, Saint
, Ital. Pietro Damiani, 1007?–1072, Italian reformer, Doctor of the Church, b. Ravenna. He became a Camaldolese monk at Fonte-Avellino (near Gubbio) and because of his rigor and asceticism was made prior.
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. He wrote a reply to Lanfranc, De Sacra Coena, which was condemned. He was declared a heretic, but became reconciled with the church before his death. Berengar's controversy with the church brought about a more explicit formulation of the doctrine of the Eucharist.

Bibliography

See A. J. Macdonald, Berengar and the Reform of Sacramental Doctrine (1930).

References in periodicals archive ?
5Q.1.16-18 Additiones ad Duranti Speculum judiciale; Baldus de Ubaldis, Additiones ad Duranti Speculum judiciale; Berengarius Fredoli, Inventarium Duranti Speculi judicialis, edited by Franciscus Moneliensis (Padua: Johannes Herbort, de Seligen-stadt, 1478-1479).
The sign as containing and causing at once was clarified in the West though the eucharistic controversy (Paschasius Radbertus through Berengarius)--on which, see Gary Macy, The Theologians in the Early Scholastic Period (New York: Oxford University, 1984) 35-53; Macy, The Banquet's Wisdom: A Short History of the Theologies of the Lord's" Supper (Mahwah, N.J.: Paulist, 1992) 68-81; and Joseph Martos, Doors to the Sacred: A Historical Introduction to Sacraments in the Catholic Church, rev.
Ballyconnell was made 6-4 favourite to gain compensation here, and Geraghty took him to the front four out to beat Berengarius nine lengths.
Kinane has a number of other fancied mounts including King Of Peace for Harry Rogers in the Dalkey Handicap but the vote goes to Berengarius.
Meanwhile, recent Navan winner BERENGARIUS will be strongly fancied to outpoint the John Oxx-trained pair Beauty Contest and Serjeant At Arms in the Summer Handicap at Down Royal today.
Maire had printed two medical works edited by Conring: Berengarius's De fractura cranii in 1629, and Billichius's Observationes et paradoxa chemica in 1631.
For this reader the most interesting pieces were the more `academic' and detailed ones, notably those on the history of the doctrine of justification since the sixteenth century, on issues arising from the eucharistic theology of Berengarius (which first appeared in this journal) and on the royal ecclesiastical supremacy in England.
The encyclopedia attributed to Berengarius and entitled Lumen Animae may also be mentioned.
although his margin of victory would have been less had Berengarius not fallen at the final fence when appearing held in second place.
MICHAEL Halford sends Keepers Hill to Royal Ascot for Wednesday's Queen Mary and Berengarius can give the Curragh trainer an ideal send off at Roscommon today.