Berengarius of Tours

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Berengarius of Tours


Born circa 1000; died 1088. French philosopher and theologian; representative of early scholasticism.

Berengarius headed the school of Tours, the most famous school in France. He denied the reality of universals and considered an appeal to reason superior to the authority of the church. Polemicizing with the scholastic realist Lanfranc in his work On the Holy Supper (1049), Berengarius treated the church doctrine of the sacrament of the Eucharist rationalistically. The work was repeatedly condemned as heresy by the church.


Berengarius Turonensis oder eine Sammlung ihn betreffender Briefe. Hamburg-Gotha, 1850.


Trakhtenberg, O. V. Ocherki po istorii zapadno-evropeiskoi srednevekovoi filosofii. Moscow, 1957. Pages 32–33.
Geiselmann, J. Die Eucharistielehre der Vorscholastik. Paderborn, 1926.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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