Berezniki


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Berezniki

(bĭryĕznyĭkē`), city (1989 pop. 201,000), E European Russia, a port on the Kama River. Situated in an area rich in potassium salts, Berezniki is one of the main industrial centers of the Urals and contains a huge chemical combine. The city was founded as a sodium plant in 1883.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Berezniki

 

a city in Perm’ Oblast, in the RSFSR. Port on the left bank of the Kama River. Railroad station on the Chusovskaia-Solikamsk line. Population, 145,000 (1970; 51,000 in 1939).

Berezniki is situated near very rich deposits of sodium chloride, potassium, and magnesium salts. It is a large center of the chemical industries of the USSR. The main industries are a nitric fertilizer plant (started in 1932), potassium and titanium-magnesium chemical combines, and a soda factory. In the city, nitric and magnesium fertilizers, synthetic ammonium hydrate, nitric and sulfuric acids, soda, dyes, and many other items are produced. Enterprises for building materials, food, and light industry have been begun. The general technical department of the Perm’ Polytechnical Institute is in Berezniki, as well as chemical-mechanical and construction schools and medical and musical schools. There is also a dramatic theater and a museum of local lore, history, and economy. In the 16th century there existed on the site of the city a village in which Russian industrialists ran saltworks, which yielded “Permianka” salt. Here, in 1883 a soda factory was built (one of the first in Russia). The city was organized in 1932.

REFERENCE

Zhdanov, A. F. Berezniki—gorodural’skikh khimikov. Perm’, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Berezniki

a city in E Russia: chemical industries. Pop.: 169 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Idiolect group 3--Berezniki, Guzyncy, Staryje Najmany, Sugurovo (Bolsie Berezniki, MR); Papulevo (Icalki, MR); Standrovo (Tengusevo, MR).
Andrey Yelchiishev, from Berezniki, spotted the triple award-winning magazine on the All Together Now!
His family history is carefully reconstructed through archival sources: the dekulakization of his once well-off grandfather in the early 1930s (22-29) and the work of his father and uncle as collective farmers and, after their arrest for sabotage in 1935, at the Berezniki Chemical Combine (38).
Uralkali, which is headquartered in Berezniki, Russia, and has a representative office in Moscow, says it is the leading potash fertiliser with a market share of some 20%.
Uralkali is developing new projects like Ust-Yayvinsky and Polovodovskiy areas and is expanding already existing facilities in the towns of Berezniki and Solikamsk.
Solvay said today that the planned acquisition of a majority stake in a soda ash plant in Berezniki, Russia, from Sodium Group Investments Limited had failed as the plant was sold to another buyer.
Origin of the speakers: Berezniki, Guzyncy, Staryje Najmany, Sugurovo (Bolsije Berezniki, MR); Papulevo (Icalki, MR); Standrovo (Tengusevo, MR).
Soda should be consolidated with Kaustik, and thereafter with Berezniki Soda Plant and Transneftekhim to create Bashkir Soda Company.